Tuesday, 24 April 2018  
8. Sha'aban 1439
17 December 2012 Published in Blog

Hadrat Allama Mawlana al-Haaj Shah Mehmood Jaan Khan
Qadiri Barakaati Ridawi Jamjodhpuri Peshawari (Alaihir raHmah)


Khalifa-e-AlaHadrat, Aalim-e-Jaleel, Fazil-e-Nabeel, Haami-e-Sunan, Maahi-e-Fitan, Hadrat Allama Mawlana Al-Haaj Shah Mehmood Jaan Khan Sahab Sunni Hanafi Qadiri Barakaati Ridawi Jamjodhpuri Peshawari (Alaihir raHmah) was born around the year 1820 in Peshawar. His father Hafidh Ghulam Rasool (Alaihir raHmah) was a distinguished Aalim and teacher of his time. Many would come from, Kabul, Qandahar, Baarqand and Samarkand by travelling lengthy journeys to sit respectfully at his feet and attain knowledge of Deen-e-Islam. Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) also attained his academic knowledge from his father, where upon completion of his Islamic studies, he migrated to Jamjodhpur (Katyawadh, Gujarat, India), where he served the Muslims. Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah), like his father Hafidh Ghulam Rasool (Alaihir raHmah) was also popular for his debating skills. He brought many Christian leaders to their feet during debates.


Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) did not become a mureed until he had reached an advanced age. He later became a Mureed of Sayyidi AlaHadrat Ash-Shah Imam Ahmad Rida Khan al-Qadiri (Alaihir raHmah). Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) narrates:

“For a long time, this thought was in my heart, that unless and until, I do not find a Kaamil and exalted Shaykh, I will not become a mureed. It was during this time, that I began reading the Islamic Magazine (Touf-e-Hanafiyyah) prepared by Hadrat Maulana Zia’ud’deen Sahab Pilibhiti (Alaihir raHmah), which was filled with gems of knowledge and wisdom and it was in this that I read about Sayyiduna AlaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah). My heart immediately said that in this Era to find such a great personality is not ordinary. Through divine guidance, I travelled to Bareilly Shareef where I presented myself in the Court of AlaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah). The moment I saw His bright face, my heart melted, my Imaan came to life and my heart blossomed like never before.

I had found a Peer (Spiritual Guide) even greater than I had ever imagined. I requested to be initiated into the Silsilah, and my Shaykh accepted me as His disciple (Mureed), blessed me immediately with Ijaazat and Khilafat, and then went into the house, removed what He was wearing at that time and blessed me with His Kurta, Paijamah, Amaama and Waistcoat. This was a great blessing from such a sea of generosity. He blessed this humble servant with the crown of Khilafat in the Silsila Aaliya, Qadiriyah, Barakatiyah, Ridawiyyah, Chishtiyah, Soharwardiyah, Naqshabandiyah and other Salasil. He showed great love and respect for me, and in that time, he bestowed so many titles upon me and showed such love to me, that I will never forget as long as I live.”

It must be noted that Hadrat Allama Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) did not make anyone mureed or give khilafat to anyone. It is related that when anyone came to him for the purpose of becoming a mureed, he would direct them towards Sayyidi AlaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah).

During 1339 Hijra, Sayyidi AlaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah) wrote a letter to Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah). In it he addressed him as ‘Haami-e-Sunan’ (The Helper of Sunnah) and ‘Maahi-e-Fitan’ (Eradicator of Fitna). He further wrote:

“Due to my busy schedule and my duties, I unintentionally left out your name, which should have been engraved in gold, in the list of names of my well wishers and supporters at the end of Qasidah Al-Istimdaad. I only realized this after it was published, and to this very day I regret my oversight.”

The letter sent to Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan sent by Sayyidi AlaHadrat.
This letter because of its age is quite fragile, hence the glass casing.

Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) commented on this blessed letter (which is still present to this day) by saying:

“Nine or ten months before AlaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah)’s Wisaal, he wrote a Blessed letter to me, in which He said that in His book Al-Istimdaad, He added the names of all His Khulafa, and my name was unintentionally left out in printing. I say that, by unintentionally missing out my name was a means of great blessings for me, since my Shaykh prayed for me on this occasion.”


Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) was drowned in the love of his Shaykh and had true faith in his Shaykh. During the forty days khatam of Sayyidi AlaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah), Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) went to the Mazaar Sharif of his Shaykh and made Dua to Allah Ta’ala, that through the wasila of his chosen servant, Sayyidi AlaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah), Allah Ta’ala bless him with a son. Alhamdulillah within the same year, Allah Ta’ala blessed Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) with a son, whom he named Ahmed Raza. However, Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) had so much respect for his Shaykh that he never called his son by his name, and always referred to him as Hadrat.


Very few people know that Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) is responsible for the design of the Gumbad of Sayyidi AlaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah). Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) presented his design - which he drew by burning match-sticks as he did not have a pen - to Hadrat Hujjat al-islam (Alaihir raHmah) and Hadrat Mufti-e-Azam Hind (Alaihir raHmah) and said:

“Huzoor, Next to the Gumbad-e-Khazra of Aaqa-e-do Aalam (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam) there is a Minaret, and on that Minaret there is white and black design, and since AlaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah) had spent His whole life trying to explain the Exaltedness of Sarkaar (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam), by fighting against the enemies of Sarkaar (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam), therefore it is my wish that the Gumbad of AlaHadrat, should contain that same black and white design that is on that Minarat next to the Gumbad-e-Khazra of the Madani Aqaa (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam).”

Hujjat al-Islam, Mufti-e-Azam, Sadr al-Shari’ah and all the other esteemed Ulama (Radi Allahu Anhum) of the time, had a liking for this design and decided that this design was most fitting for the Dargah Sharif of Sayyidi AlaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah). Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah), in those days contributed 10000 Rupees and stayed in Bareilly Sharif until the construction of the Dargah Sharif was completed. Hadrat used to say,

“Jaisa yeh Mujjaddid Anokha, waisa unka Mazaar bhi Anokha hona chahiye.”

Some of the Blessed Relics that were given to Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah)
by Sayyidi AlaHadrat Imam Ahmad Rida Khan Qadiri (Alaihir raHmah)


Although it is almost impossible to pin point which quality or habit of Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) was more beautiful, for the sake of Barakat, I will mention a few qualities that I have heard of.

One of the most blessed qualities of Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) was that he was firm on Maslak-e-AlaHadrat. In other words he was steadfast on the blessed Shari’ah and did not allow anything to come between him and Islam.

Sayyidi AlaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah) said the following words with regard to Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) in his Khilafat Nama:

“Be Fadhlihi Ta’ala, Mawlana mausoof jumla Mazahid wa Masharib mein is Faqeer ke Qadam ba - Qadam hai. Tamam Biraderaan-e-Ahl-e-Sunnat ke, is Faqeer ke Muhib aur Hum-Mazhab ho! Mawlana ke Masa’ail wa Hidayaat wa Irshaadat pe be-Ta’amul, Amal farmaen”

Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) aslo used to remove Jinns from people. One incident that was accounted to me is as follows:

There was once a man who had consulted Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) for the removal of the Jinn within him. He had been brought to Hadrat by his mother. She complained that the Jinn was troublesome to them. Hadrat, after listening to her warned her that he would have to beat her son so much that he would bleed profusely. This had to be done in order to force the Jinn out of him. However even though her son would be beaten, he would not feel any pain. When she had agreed, Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) began to beat her son so much that he indeed began to bleed profusely, until the Jinn himself began to say that he would leave. Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) ordered the Jinn to leave the man immediately to go into a big bottle which was closed after the Jinn had entered it. Thereafter Hadrat would dig a deep hole and bury the bottle containing the Jinn.

One of the blessed habits of Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) loved to recite Surah al-Quraish. He would read this Surah seven times and would blow it on any goods that he had for sale. He would also encourage his wife to read this surah and blow it on the food that she would prepare. He used to say that by reading this surah would bring barakat in the home.

The Blessed Amamah (Bottom left), Blessed Shawl (top) and Libaas Mubarak of
Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan Qadiri (Alaihir raHmah)


The family genealogy of Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) is as follows:

Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan Sahab Ibn Hafidh Ghulam Rasool Sahab Ibn Muhammad Isma’eel Sahab Ibn Muhammad Siddiq Sahab Ibn Umar Sahab Ibn Ramzan Ibn Saboor Sahab Meer Ibn Haji Muhammad Akbar Sahab Ibn Maulvi Haamid’duddin Sahab Ibn Maulvi Shahbaaz Sahab Ibn Khush-Haal Sahab Ibn Gohar Ibn Rehmatullah Sahab Ibn Khwaja Ubaidullah Sahab.

Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) was married thrice in his lifetime and had sixteen children in total:

First wife: Marhooma Maryam bai

1. Mawlana Ghulam Mustapha Raza Khan (during Sayyidi alaHadrat’s Alaihir raHmah last illness, when he used to be carried to the masjid on a chair, among the four people who used to carry the chair of sayyidi alaHadrat Alaihir raHmah on their shoulder, was Mawlana ghulam mustapha raza khan)
2. Ayesha bai
3. Ghulam Murtaza Raza (passed on at a young age)

Second wife: Marhooma Halima bai

4. Mawlana Ghulam Mujtaba Raza (buried in Malawi)
5. Hawwa bai
6. Ruqaiyyah bai

Third wife: Marhooma Amatullah bai

7. Raheema bai
8. Kareema bai
9. Hajiani khadija bai
10. Ayesha bai
11. Mawlana Ghulam Ahmed Raza Khan, He was granted khilaafat by Hadrat Mufti-e-Azam Hind . Hadrat Mufti Mehood Jaan used to say, “Hadrat mere Ilm ko jayb mein rakh ke Ghoomtay hain).”
12. Marhooma Jamila bai (passed away during childhood, after an incident that led to a short illness)
13. Mawlana Ahmed Jaan Khan
14. Hajiani fatima bai (Alhamdulillah, she is currently living in Zimbabwe)
15. Hajiani Amina bai (Alhamdulillah, she is currently living in Upleta)
16. Hajiani Jamila bai (it is said she was born when Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan Alaihir raHmah was at the age of 100. That was in 1935.)

External view of Razvi Masjid in Jamjodhpur built by Mawlana Mehmood Jaan


When I had asked the daughter of Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) if she remembered any Karamat of her father, she replied simply by saying, “Thousands”. However, for the sake of Barakat, I will mention one karamat of Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah).

A man named Muhammad, during his childhood had German measles. The doctors had no hope of his recovery and advised his parents to expect the worst. Hearing this Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) came to his parents home and asked them why they had not consulted him, as he was still Alive. Hadrat, put his blessed saliva on the child and prayed for him. He was cured in no time and went on to live a comfortable life.


Two of the books written by Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) received great success namely:

1. Zikr-e-Raza: Khalifa of AlaHadrat, Malik al-Ulama, Hadrat-e-Allama Mawlana Zafar al-Din Bihari (Alaihir raHmah), mentions in his Sawaneh Hayaat of Sayyidi AlaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah), that the first Sawaneh Hayaat written on the life of Sayyidi AlaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah) was by Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) under the title of Zikr-e-Raza. The specialty of this book is that it has been written in the form of poetry. It has also been translated into the English language by Sayyid Shah Aulad-e-Rasool Qudsi Misbahi (Daamat Barakatuhum al-Qudsiyyah).

2. Eezah-e-Sunnat: This kitaab was based on the eight questions posed by the Bud-Muzhabs. In this book Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) answered all their questions by providing authentic proof from the Holy Qur’an and the blessed Ahadith. This book was certified and verified by sixty three distinguished scholars by their blessed words and blessed seals, such as Sayyidi AlaHadrat, Hujjat al-Islam, Mufti-e-Azam Hind, Sadr al-Shari’ah, and many other learned Ulama of that time (Radi Allahu Anhum Ajma’een).

Sayyidi alaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah)’s verification was as follows:

“O ALLAH, for YOU is ALL Praise! This Blessed book which has been written by my companion and my Beloved Brother in Islam, the Helper of the Sunnah, and Eradicator of the Fitnah, Respected Mawlana Moulvi Mehmood Jaan Saahib Qadiri Barakaati Peshawari, has passed before Me. I found it adorned with great attributes and I have found it to be complete and concise. I thanked ALLAH for blessing the author with such Taufeeq to support the Deen in such a difficult and corrupt time. Verily the Blessing of ALLAH and HIS Rasool (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam) is upon this Learned Faadhil and Insha-ALLAH, His reward for this effort, through the Blessing of the Holy Prophet (SallAllaahu Alaihi wa Sallam) is closeness to ALLAH and a blessed place in the Blessed Paradise. WA ALLAHU AA’LAM.”

This book too, has been translated into the English language by the khalifa of Hadrat Taaj al-Shari’ah and Muhaddith al-Kabeer, Mawlana Aftaab Qasim Qadiri Ridawi (Hafidhahullahu Ta’ala), and is available in three volumes.

The Blessed Seal of Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah)


Hadrat Taaj al-Shari’ah, Allama Mawlana Mufti al-Haaj Shah Muhammad Akhtar Rida Khan, Sunni Hanafi Qadiri Barakaati Ridwi Noori Azhari (Daamat Barakatuhum al-Aaliyah), during the 61st Urs-e-Razvi Mehmoodi Sharif in Jamjodhpur Sharif said the following words:

“...AlaHadrat ke Sache Khulafa, jin mein Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan Sahab, ek the aur laakhon mein ek the, aur Jamjodhpur ke log aur Jamjodhpur ke Atraaf-o-khoob-o-Jawar ke log, Unki Istiqamat aur Maslak-e-AlaHadrat par sakhti se kaarbandhi aur uski tarweej-o-isha’at mein Unki jo zindagi guzri, woh yahan ke log toh usse waakif hai hi, Africa ke mumalik mein bhi reh kar yahin kaam kiya aur AlaHadrat Azeem-ul-Barkat ke Silsile se, aur Unke Khanwaade se, Unke Gharane se aur subse badi baat yeh hai ke Unke Maslak se logon ko wabista kiya...”

The blessed month of Muharram is celebrated the world over, and in many instances there are many elements in which some of the followers of Sayyidi AlaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah), forget his teachings. However, due to the teachings of Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah), the inhabitants of Jamjodhpur shareef celebrate muharram according to the Maslak of alaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah). It is said that Hadrat used to burn the ‘Taajias’ that were made.

In gujrat, there is a Muslim clan known as the Meer. In the past the people of this caste used to be looked down upon by the inhabitants of the area. This carried on until Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) had decided to include them in his Jama’at. A little while after, some of these people wished to be initiated into the Silsila Aaliyah Qadiriyyah Barakaatiyyah Ridawiyyah and hence Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (alahir rahma) decided to take them to Sayyidi AlaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah). When they were introduced to Sayyidi alaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah), he exclaimed that their dress and appearance did not resemble (they were clad in their traditional gujrati attire) that of a muslim. Sayyidi alaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah) then inquired the name of one of the men present which coincidently was Raju. Sayyidi alaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah) then proceeded to re-name the man as Ghulam Muhammad and he was initiated into the Silsila. However since he had no beard, Sayyidi AlaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah) advised him to first go and look at himself in the mirror and then, grows a beard according to the Sunnah and if he thought the beard to be fine, then he should not shave it. Alhamdulillah, the Meer left their orthodox ways and began living as the Muslims that they truly were.

Interior view of Razvi Masjid in Jamjodhpur Sharif built by Mawlana Mehmood Jaan


Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) left this mundane world on the 3rd of Safar-al-Muzaffar 1370 Hijri {14th of October, 1950} at the blessed age of 130. In his last days, he suffered from diabetes and other ailments and his advanced age did not alleviate his situation.

On the morning of the Wisaal of Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah), he rose early and asked his son, Mawlana Ghulam Ahmed Raza to make him Paak and Saaf while his wife cleaned his bed and laid new sheets. After this he requested his son to purify himself and come and read Yaseen Sharif for him. However, when Mawlana Ghulam Ahmed Raza returned to recite the Yaseen Sharif he found that his blessed father had already read the Yaseen Sahrif. When Shah Sahab from Dhoraji had come to visit Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah), he related to him and his son Hadrat Mawlana Ghulam Ahmed Raza, that he had been blessed with the sight of Ssayyiduna Rasoolullah (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam) and Sayyidi AlaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah) in his dream, in which they had asked him to come along with them. After while Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) requested Shah Sahab to move to another room as he wished to be surrounded by his children.

He called upon each of his daughters who stood at the foot of his bed by their name and advised them to look at him until their hearts were content as his time to leave was near. He told them even though he had surpassed the age of 100 his Nafs still had to taste death.

Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan made Du’a for all his children and when he noticed his children had began to cry, Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) told them that he was not dying, but he was only transferring his home. He also told them that his youngest son, Mawlana Ahmed Jaan was going to be married soon and he would be present at his marriage, however they would not see him but he would see them.

After saying all this Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) told his son that there is book on top of the cupboard in which there were some taweez for some of the people who had requested them and he told his family that due to his illness he had made three obligatory fasts and a certain amount of Salaah Qazah, for which the kaffarah must be paid for before his Janazah Salaah was to be performed. He told his son that his son-in-law, Mawlana Abdul Qadir (Alaihir raHmah) was to perform his Janazah Salaah. Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) then recited his Shahadat and just after the Aadhaan of Zuhar he left this world towards the hereafter and like this the light that had brightened the hearts of many by removing the darkness of Kufr and Shirk, had come to rest in the love of the Master. His blessed Mazaar Sharif is in the small town of Jamjodhpur, Saurashtra, Gujarat, India. – Inna Lillahi wa Inna Ilaihi Raji’oon!!

The Blessed Mazaar Sharif of Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah)
— — —
Penned by:
Muhammad Akhtar Raza Abd al-Qadir [Harare – Zimbabwe]
The Great Grandson of Hadrat Mufti Mehmood Jaan Qadiri Alaihir raHmah
15 December 2012 Published in Blog

Safar al-Muzaffar is the second month of the Islamic calendar. Literal meaning of Safar is empty. During this month the houses used to be empty and deserted because the ban on going to war in the month of Muharram came to an end and everyone proceeded towards the battlefield.

Safar also means to be yellow. When the names of the months were being given it was the season of autumn and the leaves of the trees were yellow.


Many people have erroneous beliefs regarding this month i.e. it is a month of misfortune and calamities. The teachings of Allah Ta'ala and His Most Beloved Rasool (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam) gives us clear guidelines on such incorrect beliefs.

Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta'ala) says in the Qur'an al-Kareem:

ما أصاب من مصيبة إلا بإذن الله
"No misfortune befalls except by Allah’s command..." [Surah Tagabun, Verse 11]

These erroneous beliefs have also been condemned in the context of the following Ahadith:

لا عدوى ولا طيرة ولا هامة ولاصفر
There is no superstitious owl, bird, no star-promising rain, no bad omen in the month of Safar. [Sahih Bukhari, Hadith 5707]

لا عدوى ولا صفر ولا غول
There is no bad omen in the month of Safar and no Ghouls (evil spirits). [Sahih Muslim, Hadith 2222]

The above Ahadith clearly refutes all incorrect beliefs and superstitions regarding the month of Safar. These incorrect beliefs flow from the pre-Islamic period of Jahiliyyah .


The Month of Safar during the Days of Ignorance

The Muhaddithin have recorded many of the superstitions harboured by the Arabs during the Days of Ignorance. A few are mentioned below:

1. The pre-Islamic Arabs believed Safar to be a snake which lives in the stomach of a human being and when hungry, bites the person. This is the discomfort one experiences when gripped by the pangs of hunger.

2. Some said Safar are worms which originate in the liver and ribs due to which the colour of the person becomes yellow, a condition we know today as jaundice.

3. According to some, the month of Safar flanked by Muharram and Rabi al Awwal is full of calamities and misfortune.

With the advent of Islam and the teachings of Sayyadina Rasoolullah (SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam), all evil and incorrect beliefs common in pre-Islamic times were discarded.

Incorrect Beliefs:

Today too, there are some Muslims who hold incorrect beliefs regarding the month of Safar.

1. A nikah performed in this month would not be successful.
2. This month is full of misfortune and calamities.
3. To commence any important venture, business etc. during this month will bring bad luck.
4. The first to the thirteenth of Safar is ill-fortune and evil.
5. The person who distributes food or money on the 13th of Safar will be saved from its ill-fortune.
6. To celebrate the last Wednesday of Safar and regard it as a holiday.

What to do:

1. To shun all types of erroneous beliefs regarding the blessed month of Safar.

2. To understand that the most unfortunate person is he who disobeys Allah Ta'ala's commandments e.g. does not perform the five daily salaah etc. It is narrated in a hadith that Rasoolullah (SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam) said: "Pray, 0 Allah! Cause not anyone of us to be a wretched destitute." He then asked: "Do you know who is a wretched destitute?" Upon the request of the Sahabah (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhum) he replied, "A wretched destitute is he who neglects his salaat."

3. We should understand that all conditions which befalls us, good or bad, favourable, or unfavourable are from Allah Ta'ala, (as a result of our actions). Allah Ta'ala says: " Whatever misfortune befalls you, it is due to the things your hands have wrought, and He forgives many a sin." (Surah 42 - Verse 30).

This can also be confirmed by the following Hadith:

Sayyadina Jabir (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu) has said that, "I have heard Sayyadina Rasoolullah (SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam) saying, the descending of illness and evil superstition befalling in the month of Safar is untrue."


Important dates and Anniversaries in the month of Safar

1st Hadrat Haji Waris Ali Shah
1st Hadrat Abul Qasim Shah Ismail Hasan Marehrawi
1st Hadrat Khwaja Shah Muhammad Suleman Tonswi
5th Umm al-Mu'mineen Sayyidah Maymoonah
6th Hadrat Sayyid Abdullah Shah Qadiri (Baba Bulleh Shah)
7th Sayyiduna Baha al-Din Zakariya Multani Suharwardi
9th Sayyiduna Imam Ali Moosa
9th Sayyiduna Imam Ali Rida
10th Umm al-Mu'mineen Sayyidah Juwairiyah bint al-Harith
11th Mufassir al-Aazam Shaykh Muhammad Ibrahim Rida Jilani Miyan
11th Shaykh al-Quran Allama Gulam Ali Ashrafi Okarvi
12th Sayyidatuna Ruqaiyyah bint Rasoolullah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam
12th Hadrat Mawlana Fadl al-Haq Khayrabadi
12th Hadrat Shah Abd al-Latif Bhittai
13th Hadrat Abu Abd ar-RaHman Ahmad Nisai (Compiler Sunan al-Nasai)
14th Hadrat Sayyiduna Maalik Ibn Dinar
16th Raees al-Qalam Allama Arshadul Qadiri
19th Hadrat Sayyid Ahmed Kalpawi
20th Hadrat Sayyiduna Yahya Ibn Bukayr
23rd Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Baqir
23rd Hadrat Sayyiduna Sultan Mehmood Ghaznavi
23rd Mawlana Muhammad Saleem Qadiri Shaheed
25th Mujaddid al Aa'zam AlaHadrat ash-Shah Imam Ahmad Rida Khan
26th Hadrat Sayyiduna Hasan Jilani al-Baghadi
27th Hadrat Imam Badr al-Din Al-Ayni [Shaarih al-Bukhari]
27th Hijrat from Makkah of the Beloved Prophet (SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam)
27th Mujahid al-Kabeer Sultan Salah al-Din al-Ayyubi
27th Birth Hadrat Khawaja Nizamuddin Awliya
28th Martyrdom of Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Hasan Ibn Sayyiduna Ali
29th Hadrat Imam ar-Rabbani Mujaddid Alf Thaani Shaykh Ahamd Sarhindi
29th Hadrat Sayyiduna Pir Mahr Ali Shah Gilani Golarrwi
30th Hafidh al-Hadith Imam Muhammad Haakim Nishapuri
Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhum Ajma'een (May Allah be well please with them All)

15 December 2012 Published in Blog


Sayyid al-Mu’azzineen (Leader of the Muazzins)
Hadrat Sayyiduna Bilal al-Habashi Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu


Sayyid al-Mu’azzineen (Leader of the Muazzins), Imam al-Aashiqeen, The great devotee, faithful companion and Mu'azzin of the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam, Hadrat Sayyiduna Bilal al-Habashi Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu is a famous and exalted Sahabi who accepted Islam in its early days in Makkah al-Mukarramah. When he accepted Islam, the non-believers placed great difficulties upon him which he bore with great forbearance in his youth. His father's name was Rabah and his mother's name was Hamamah.

His birth place is Abyssinia (Ethiopia) and this is why he is known as Habshi (the old name for Abyssinia is Habsh). Born in the late 6th century, the preferred view is that Bilal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu was 43 years old at the time of Hijra but it has been suggested by some that he could have been as old as 53.

He was either a slave of a woman in Makkah who had made Umayyah bin Khalaf her agent in the matters of Hadrat Bilaal or Umayya Ibn Khalaf himself when he accepted Islam. The Kaafirs of Makkah persecuted him severely. When Hadrat Abu Bakr Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu came to know about the pain and anguish which he underwent at the hands of the Kuffaar, he bought him and set him free. One of the many emancipated slaves of Abu Bakr Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu, Bilal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu was known for his beautiful voice and was given the honour by the Holy Prophet Muhammad SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam of being the first Mu'azzin of Islam. He remained constantly in the company of beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam. He was at the service of the needs of beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam. Muhaddith Hakim and Hafidh Abu Nu'aym also regarded him as one of the Ashaab of al-Suffah.

After he had accepted Islam, he participated with beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam in the battle of Badr and in all other battles. He called the Adhaan and he was the Mu'azzin of Masjid al-Nabawi as long as he remained with beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam. His greatness and excellence is mentioned in numerous books of Ahadith.




One day at the time of Fajr, beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam asked Hadrat Bilaal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu, 'O Bilaal, Show me one action that you have done after accepting Islam, whose virtue is above all other actions, because I have heard your footsteps in Jannah'. Hadrat Bilaal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu explains that I have not done any action whose virtue is more than the others. But it is true, that during the day or night, whenever I made Wudhu, I made it my duty to read some Nafl Salaah, and from amongst the Salaah I read, I verily read Tahiyyatul Wudhu (Salaat after Wudhu)" when beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam heard this, he said that it was because of this action that he had attained such status.

Hadrat Umar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu used to mention

أبو بكر سيدنا وأعتق سيدنا
Hadrat Abu Bakr Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu is our leader who freed our leader Hadrat Bilaal Radi Allahu Ta'ala.

In 'Hilyat al-Awliyaa', beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam mentions that he is Sayyid al-Mu’azzineen (leader of the Mu’azzins).


Hadrat Bilaal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu was harassed and beaten the day long and during the night. He was tied in chains and lashed. On the next day, he was again made to lie on the hot desert sands which cause even greater injuries to the body of Bilaal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu, who was loved by Allah Ta'ala.

Hadrat Bilaal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu used to be beaten by many people. When one would get tired, another would take his place. Sometimes it was Abu Jhal's turn and sometimes Umayyah bin Khalaf and others. Each of them would beat him until they got tired but no mercy was spared for the slave whom they so brutally injured and whose status in Jannah was to surpass that of many Arabs.

In the sweltering heat under the Arabian skies, Hadrat Bilal’s love for Allah shone brighter than the sun itself. So strong was it that he could not conceal it despite the punishment and torture afflicted on him by his cruel master.

There were times when a large boulder would be placed upon his chest as he lay on the scorching sand, his ribs being crushed under the weight. Yet the words ‘Ahad! Ahad! (There is only one Allah!)’ were constantly repeated by Hadrat Bilal, so strong was his faith and love.

His Jewish master would insult him and threaten him to denounce Islam, beat him, whip him and humiliate him on the streets of Makkah, but nothing was able to shake Hadrat Bilal’s heart.



One day, it so happened that Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddique Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu was passing that way and saw Sayyidina Hadrat Bilal crying out, "Ahad! Ahad!", despite the immense torture he was being subjected to. As he watched, Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddique’s heart became agitated upon seeing Hadrat Bilal under such persecution, and tears filled his eyes.

He then called Hadrat Bilal towards himself and advised him to utter Allah's name in solitude and not to utter it in the presence of his persecutor, or he would be subjected to further persecution and torture. Hadrat Bilal replied, "O Honoured One! You are the Siddique of Rasulallah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam, and therefore I accept your advice and will act accordingly."

The following day, Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddique Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu happened to pass that way, and again he witnessed the same sight.

Hadrat Bilal was once more uttering the cry of "Ahad! Ahad!" while the Jew was torturing him to such an extent that again his body became soaked in blood. Seeing this, Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddique’s heart was filled with pain and he advised Hadrat Bilal, "Brother, why do you utter 'Ahad' in the presence of this persecutor? Utter it silently and secretly within yourself".

Hadrat Mawlana Rumi Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu says:

"When Abu Bakr advised him towards silence and secrecy,
Bilal repented again,
But when love overwhelmed, he swallowed the repentance.
It is the message of the troubled heart.
Without You there can be neither peace nor comfort."

Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddique, on numerous occasions, gave Hadrat Bilal the same advice but on every occasion when he passed that way, he saw the same scene - the Jew persecuting Bilal who was all the time crying, "Ahad! Ahad!”

Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddique Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu finally went to Rasulallah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam and related the story to him. When Rasulallah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam heard the story, he was filled with sorrow and tears flowed from his blessed eyes. He asked, "O Siddique! What is the solution to this problem? How can we save Bilal from this calamity?"

Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddique Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu replied: "Ya Rasulallah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam, I shall buy Bilal. Rasulallah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam agreed and said, "Let my share also be therein".

SubhanAllah! How great the fortune of Sayidina Hadrat Bilal, that Rasulallah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam himself took part in purchasing him.

Hadrat Abu Bakr then approached the Jew while he was again torturing Hadrat Bilal. Hadrat Abu Bakr said to him, "Why are you beating this friend of Allah?" How long will you carry out this practice on this poor person?" Umayyah bin Khalaf retorted that, 'since you have instigated him (by teaching Islam to him) so you free him." Hadrat Abu Bakr Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu answered, "Yes, I will free him. I have a black slave who is even stronger than him and who is in your religion. Will you accept this slave in exchange for him?" Umayyah bin Khalaf accepted the offer. Hadrat Abu Bakr Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu exchanged the slaves and thus bought Hadrat Bilaal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu and freed him before migration. It is also narrated that Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddique paid the ransom and freed Hadrat Bilal. Besides Bilal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu he bought other slaves who were being beaten and harassed for accepting Islam and freed them also.

After this, Rasulallah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam, out of love and joy, embraced Hadrat Bilal and held him to his heart.

Hadrat Mawlana Rumi Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu says:

"Beloved Mustafa embraced Bilal and held him against his chest. The ecstasy Bilal felt! Who can ever imagine that?"



When the Muslims finally conquered the city of Makkah, its people fled to their houses in fear and bolted the doors and windows. They feared that the Muslims would avenge themselves for the wrong done to them years ago.

The Muslims advanced towards the Holy Kabah and then Hadrat Bilal assured the people that they were safe. He announced out loud, "All those who lay down arms are safe. All those in the house of Abu Sufyan are safe. All those behind closed doors are safe."


After the migration Rasoolullah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam formed brotherhood between the Sahaaba Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhum Ajma’een which meant that two two brothers should be concerned about each other's difficulty and necessity. In this way all of them became Muslim brothers and they shared in the sorrow and grief of each other. Beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam made Hadrat Bilaal and Hadrat Ubaida bin Haarith (Radi Allahu Anhuma) brothers and a few Historians mention that beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam made Hadrat Abu Rawahah Khashami Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu the brother of Hadrat Bilaal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu.


A year after beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam and his beloved Sahaaba Radi Allahu Anhum Ajma’een migrated from Makkah Mukarramah to Madinah Munawwarah, the battle of Badr took place. Hadrat Bilaal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu also participated in this battle with the other Sahaaba Radi Allahu Anhum Ajma’een. The leaders of the Mushrikeen of Makkah (who were the enemies of Islam and the Muslims - who forced the Muslims out of Makkah, who also oppressed Hadrat Bilaal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu) were killed in this battle. Specially, Abu Jahl and Umayyah bin Khalaf who severely punished Hadrat Bilaal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu were both killed in this battle.


In the second year after Hijrah, the announcing of the time of Salaat began and Hadrat Bilaal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu was appointed Mu’azzin and always remained the Mu’azzin of beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam both in his presence and also during travel.

Hadrat Bilaal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu stayed with beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam In Madinah Munawwarah, he was the Mu’azzin and even while travelling, he went with beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam, and at the time of Salaah he used to give Adhaan. Very seldom beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam went somewhere and someone other than Hadrat Bilaal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu called the Adhaan. Whenever beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam went to Masjid al-Qubaa, then Bilaal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu would give the Adhaan and when hearing him, the people living around the area knew that beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam was in the area.

Hadrat Bilaal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu used to give the Fajr Adhaan from the roof of the house of a lady from the tribe of Banu Najjaar. Her home was joined to the Masjid. From the time of Sehri he used to sit on the roof waiting for the time of Fajr. When it was time to commence the Adhaan then he should stretch his limbs, and make the following Du'a after which he gave the Adhaan.

اللهم إنى أحمدك وأستعينك على قريش أن يقيموا دينك
'Oh Allah I praise you, and I desire that You become aid to the Quraysh to establish Your Deen'

The woman from whose roof he gave the Adhaan said that there was not a day that he did not mention this Du'a. [Sunan Abi Dawud, Vol. 2, Page 198, Hadith 519]



Hadrat Bilaal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu was the Muazzin of beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam and his treasurer. If anyone came to beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam with any necessity then he used to ask Hadrat Bilaal to carry out this task who would then make sure to get the necessary item and fulfill the need on behalf of beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam

Hadrat Bilal mentioned it to Abdullah Al-Hawzaani that if some Muslims came who did not have anything to wear, then Rasoolullah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam should order me to take a loan and purchase a cloth to clothe the needy.

Whilst doing this once Hadrat Bilaal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu accumulated a heap of dates. Beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam asked Hadrat Bilaal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu what is this? Hadrat Bilaal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu answered I have accumulated this for you and your visitors. Beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam said, 'Oh Bilaal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu, spend it and do not fear it becoming less'


Hadrat Bilaal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu was the special companion of beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam. It is for this reason he also endured difficulties. Beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam said that undoubtedly, the fear he had for Allah was greater than anyone else. On one occasion thirty nights and days passed with him and Hadrat Bilaal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu having had only that amount to eat which could be concealed under the armpits (side) of Bilaal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu.


Hadrat Bilaal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu was always present in the company of beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam. Hadrat Jaabir Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu mentions that at the time of Eid, he was present with beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam. Beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam started the Salaah without the Adhaan and Iqaamat and thereafter gave the Khutbah. Bilaal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu stood up and stood side by side with beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam while beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam stood up resting on him and after praising Allah, beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam delivered a lecture and reminded the people about the commands of Allah and encouraged the people to be obedient to Allah Ta'aala. Thereafter, he took Hadrat Bilaal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu with him and addressed the women and ordered them to fear Allah and advised them and reminded them about the commands of Allah.

At one time Hadrat Bilaal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu presented himself in the company of beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam It was morning and beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam was having meals. Beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam told Bilaal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu to join him. Hadrat Bilaal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu mentioned to beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam that he was fasting. Beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam remarked, 'We are eating our sustenance and the sustenance of Bilaal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu is preserved in Jannah." Then he told Bilaal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu that the bones of a fasting person make Tasbeeh and the Angels request his forgiveness when something is eaten near him." [Mishkat al-Masabih]



After the passing away of Rasulallah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam, Hadrat Bilal was overcome with immense grief. This death had completely shattered his heart and in this state, he decided that he could no longer stay in Madinah Sharif. He then gathered his belongings and left for Syria. He had just left the border of Madinah Sharif, when sleep overcame him. He found a tree to sleep under and took some rest there. In his sleep, Rasulallah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam appeared in his dream and said, “Bilal, why did you leave me?” Hadrat Bilal immediately woke up and, without hesitation, made the journey back to Madinah Sharif.

When the people of Madinah saw Hadrat Bilal returning through the city gates, they were overwhelmed with joy. Word spread through the streets that Bilal, the Holy Prophet’s Muazzin had returned. As Hadrat Bilal made his way to the Holy Prophet’s Masjid, requests for him to do the Azan were ringing in his ears. People followed him through the streets, pleading for him to deliver the call to prayer once more. The blessed city had been deprived of his beautiful Azan for too long, and the people craved to hear it one last time.

However, since the passing away of Rasulallah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam, Hadrat Bilal’s grief had been so immense that he resolved that he would never do the Azan again, and so he refused the pleas of the people. As he advanced towards the blessed Masjid, he saw the two beloved grandsons of Rasulallah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam, Hadrat Hassan and Hussain. They too requested for him to do the Azan, and when he looked upon their blessed young faces, his love for them overwhelmed his heart. He knew he could never refuse them anything, and they were, after all, the grandsons of the one whose love had penetrated his heart through and through.

Hadrat Bilal then stood up on the Mimbar, assumed his position as the Muazzin and started to read the Azan. His voice, beautiful as it was, rang through the streets of Madinah Sharif, his pain and heartbreak evident in the painful tune. He read to his heart’s content, and in such a manner that there was not a person in the blessed city whose eyes were not wet with tears.

When Hadrat Bilal reached “Ash-hadu anna Muhammadur Rasulallah”, he broke down and could not continue. His pain and the pain of Madinah’s people was unbearable. Memories of the beautiful days when Rasulallah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam sat amongst them penetrated their hearts with hurt and agony. The emptiness of their lives and their souls without Rasulallah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam had devastated them and left them broken inside. Even the strongest amongst them who were usually able to suppress the pain could not hold back any longer.



Hadrat Bilaal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu then came in the presence of Hadrat Abu Bakr Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu and said, 'Oh Khalifah of Rasoolullah, without doubt I have heard from beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam that the best action of a Mu'min is Jihaad in the path of Allah and I have intended now to spend my life in Jihaad till I die." Hadrat Abu Bakr Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu said, 'Oh Bilaal! I swear by Allah and my right which is deserving to honored (it is for this reason) that during my lifespan you spend it in Madinah al-Munawwara and give Adhaan. Because I have become old and my time is near (death)." Hadrat Bilaal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu then remained in Madinah Munawwarah. [Usdul Ghabah]

After Hadrat Abu Bakr Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu, Hadrat Umar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu became Khalifah, then Bilaal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu came to him and said the same thing again. Hadrat Umar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu gave the same answer which Hadrat Abu Bakr Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu had given, but Bilaal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu respectfully refused to stay any longer. Hadrat Umar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu granted permission to him. Hadrat Bilaal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu became a Mujaahid forever and went to Syria. During the Khilaafat of Hadrat Umar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu when he went to Syria, then Hadrat Bilaal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu gave Adhaan in his presence. The narrator says that on this day, Hadrat Umar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu thinking of the days of beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam cried to such an extent which we never saw before.


While in Syria, Hadrat Bilaal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu got married but it is not known whether he had any children or not. The author of Usdul Ghabah states that at the time of death, Bilaal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu had no children.


The great devotee and Muazzin of Rasulallah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam, the courageous and beloved Abyssinian by the name of Hadrat Bilal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu passed away in the 20th year after Hijrah in the middle of reading Adhan in Damascus, Syria between the years 638 and 642 at the age of 60 or 63 and there he is buried near 'Bab as-Sagheer'. When beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam proclaimed Prophethood, he was 30 years old. He spent the remaining 33 years of his life in the assistance of this Deen, persecuted severely for admitting his Islam and despite this, he continued to announce boldly, 'Ahad, the One Allah!'. He participated in the battles and endured both hunger and pain. He was not only a Mu’azzin, but was granted the status of being the leader of the Mu’azzins.


His respected stature during the birth of Islam is a perfect example of the importance of pluralism and racial equality in the foundations of Islam. May Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala be pleased with him forever... Aameen!

15 December 2012 Published in Blog

Sayyid al-Sajjad Imam Abu al-Hasan Ali
Zain al-'Aabideen Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho


Sayyiduna Abu al-Hasan Ali, Imam Zain al-'Abideen is the fourth Imam and Shaykh of the Silsila Aaliyah Qaadiriyah Barakaatiyah Razviyah Nooriyah. He was one of the greatest Aabids of his era. Imam Zuhri (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho) says, (In my era) I have not seen any Quraysh more excellent than Imam Zain al-'Abideen (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho). Hadrat Ibn Abbas (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho) used to look at Imam Zain al-'Abideen (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho) and refer to him as the Beloved of the Beloved.


He was born on a Thursday the 5th of Shabaan 38 Hijri in Madinah Munawwarah. [Masaalik as-Saalikeen, Vol. 1, Page 207]


Hadrat Imam Hussain kept most of his children names attached to the name Ali. This was due to his love for his father Sayyiduna Ali (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho). He was thus also named Ali. He was also known as Abu Muhammad, Abul Hassan, Abul Qaasim and Abu Bakr. His titles were Sajjad, Zain al-'Aabideen, Sayyidul Abideen, Zakki and etc.


He spent two years with his grandfather Sayyiduna Ali (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho), ten years with his uncle Sayyiduna Imam Hasan (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) and eleven years with his father, Hadrat Imam Hussain (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho).


His mother was known as Umm-e-Wulad, and was also known as Shahar Banu Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anha. She was very pious and Allah fearing.


He was the image of his grandfather Sayyiduna Ali (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho). He was tan in complexion and not very tall. He had a full beard on which he used henna (mehndi).


Hadrat Jaabir (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) says, I was in the blessed court of the Prophet (Sallallaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam) and Imam Hussain (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) was in the blessed arms of the Prophet (Sallallaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam). The Prophet (Sallallaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam) said, O Jaabir (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho)! A son shall be born to him, whose name shall be Ali. Then he will have a child, whose name shall be Muhammad (Imam Baaqir). O Jaabir! If you meet with him, then you should pass my salaams to him.


Hadrat Imam Zain al-'Abideen (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) was blessed with beautiful character, which he definitely inherited from his illustrious forefathers. He was very eloquent and very respectful. He was always willing to assist those in need. Umar Abu Nasr writes that Imam Zain al-'Abideen (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) purchased various slaves, and then set them free. He would be kind even to those who were his personal enemies. Once he heard that there was a certain person who always spoke ill of him. Hadrat Imam Zain al-'Abideen (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) went to him and treated him with such respect and kindness, that he repented from his bad behaviour and affiliated himself to the great Imam. Many great poets have written numerous Qasidas in praise of his kindness and generosity. [
Masaalik as-Saalikeen, Vol. 1, Page 208]


Abu Haazim says, I have not seen any Jurist more exalted than him.

Zahbi and Ainiyah have said, We have not seen any Quraish more exalted than him.

Hadrat Imam Maalik (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) says, He is from the Men of Excellence

Ibn Abi Shaiba says, In Hadith, the most exalted chain of transmission is that which is narrated from Imam Zain al-'Abideen, (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) where he narrates from his father Imam Hussain (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho). [
Masaalik as-Saalikeen]

Hadrat Imam Zain al-'Abideen (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) was always prepared to sacrifice everything he had for Islam. He sacrificed all his wealth twice for Islam. He was a very generous person. He used to discreetly send money to the poor people living in Madinah Shareef and none of them knew that the money was coming from him. The only time this became known to them, was after his wisaal. [Tarikh al-Khulafa]


Masjid wa Maqam Sayyaduna Imam Zain al-'Abideen in Egypt


He was a person with great patience. After the Battle of Karbala, HE was marched to Damascus in chains and in the time of Abdul Malik bin Marwan , he was arrested and chained. He was then forced to walk from Madinah to Syria in chains. With all this, he never complained or said one word about his condition in the Court of Allah . He instead remained patient and made Shukr (thanked Allah ) on every step. Imam Zain al-'Abideen's most loyal student Sayyiduna Imam Zuhri could not bear to see the Imam in this condition, so he went to Abdul Malik bin Marwaan, and had the great Imam released. He then took him back to Madinah Shareef with great respect. [Khazinat al-Asfiyah, Vol.1, Page 31/32]

Hadrat Imam Zain al-'Abideen had a very soft heart and always thought of the sacrifice that was given by his Father Imam Hussain and all the other Martyrs on the plains of Karbala.

Once, he was walking in the blessed streets of Madinah Munawwarah, when he saw a person placing a goat on the ground, and was sharpening the knife before making the animal zibah. On seeing this, he became very saddened and thought of the martyrdom of his father. He then began to weep bitterly and asked the man, “My dear Brother! Did you give the goat some food and water or not?”The man replied that he had fed and given water to the goat for the past three days and had also fed it water just before laying in down. On hearing this, Hadrat Imam Zain al-'Abideen let out a sigh of pain and said, “It is sad, that the people of Kufa did not even care for him like (you care for) the goat. They starved him for three days and nights and then martyred him in this state.”
[Masaalik as-Saalikeen]

He used to perform one thousand rakaats of nafil salaah every night. One night whilst he was performing his nafils, his house caught on fire. The people were rushing around trying to put of the fire, but he continued his Namaaz with total sincerity. After he completed his salaah, the people told him that his house had caught on fire and yet he continued reading his salaat (Namaaz) without any showing any sign of panic. He said, “You were trying to extinguish this fire, and I was trying to extinguish the fire of the hereafter.”
[Khazinat al-Asfiyah, Vol.1, Page 31]

A person once swore at Imam Zain al-Abideen (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) and made slanderous remarks to him.

In response, Imam Zain al-Abideen (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) said to him: 'If the attributes, you accuse me of, are found in me then I repent to Allah Azzawajal and ask for forgiveness. If the attributes are not found in me then on your behalf I ask Allah Azzawajal for forgiveness and repentance.'

The person saw Imam Zain al-Abideen's patience and was overwhelmed by it. He stood up, kissed Imam Zain al-Abideen (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) on the forehead and said: 'May my soul be sacrificed for you! Whatever I accused you of was wrong. I seek forgiveness from you and I request you to pray to Allah Azzawajal for the acceptance of my repentance.'

Imam Zain al-Abideen (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) agreed to pray to Allah Azzawajal on his behalf.


After the shahaadat of his blessed father Imam Hussain (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho), he completely divorced himself from the materialistic world. He spent all his time in the remembrance of Allah. He would pass his days and nights thinking of the tragedy of Karbala and weeping. When Hadrat Imam Zain al-'Abideen (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) used to sit down to perform wudhu, then his face used to become pale, and when he stood in Namaaz, then his complexion would change to such an extent, that it would be difficult to recognise him. The people would ask, O Beloved of the Prophet (Sallallaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam)! What has happened to you?and he said, O People! Namaaz is a time when you are present in the Court of Allah. Who is so naive as to smile and look happy, when he is standing before his Creator. [Awaarif al-Ma'arif, Page 475]

He used to perform one thousand rakaats of nafil salaah every night. One night whilst he was performing his nafils, his house caught on fire. The people were rushing around trying to put of the fire, but he continued his Namaaz with total sincerity. After he completed his salaah, the people told him that his house had caught on fire and yet he continued reading his Namaaz without any showing any sign of panic. He said, You were trying to extinguish this fire, and I was trying to extinguish the fire of the hereafter.
[Khazinat al-Asfiyah, Vol.1, Page 31]

Imam Talha Shafi'i (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) writes that once shaitaan appeared in the form of a snake whist the Imam was in Salaah. He caught the toe of Hadrat Imam Zain al-'Abideen in his mouth, but the Imam did not even move or show sign of discomfort. After some time, he became disillusioned and stood a distance away from the Imam. Then, a voice was heard thrice, saying the following words, You are the Jewel of the Worshipper, You are the Chief of those who prostrate (to Allah).



He was a personality who truly feared Allah. His heart flowed with the fear of Allah. Once during Hajj, he tied his Ehraam but did not say the Labbaik. The people asked him the reason for this, and he said, I fear the I will say Labbaik and Allah will say, I do not accept your presence (Hajj). The people then told him that his Ehraam would not be proper if he did not say Labbaik. He then said Labbaik, and began to tremble in the fear of Allah until he fell off his camel and became unconscious. This continued throughout the Hajj, every time that he said Labbaik.
[Khazinat al-Asfiyah]


Hadrat Imam Jaafar Saadiq (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) says, When my grandfather, Hadrat Imam Zain al-'Abideen (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) used to recite the Quran, then the beauty of his recitation attracted the people towards him and all those listening to him would become so overwhelmed with the fear of Allah, that one did not know the condition of the other.


When Imam Zain al-'Abideen was returning to Madinah after the Battle of Karbala, he said a few stanzas. A few stanzas are being presented for blessing.

“O Winds! If someday you pass by the sacred land, then pass my salaams
before the Rawda al-Aqdas where the most exalted Nabi rests

The Sadness of separation from Madinah feels
like a sword stuck deep into my liver

How fortunate are the people of that city in
which is the Exalted and Beloved Prophet

O Rahmatulil Aalameen! Assist Zain al-'Abideen.
Who is standing alone and in difficulty amongst the tyrants.”

Once a person asked Imam Zain al-'Abideen about who will be looked upon as pious and good on the last day and he said,
That person, who when he is happy, his happiness does not drive him towards wrong and that person, when he is angry, then his anger does not remove him from what is right.”

In other words, when you are happy, you should not let your happiness take you towards bad deeds and when you are angry, then you should not allow your anger to blind you from that which is right. [Masaalik as-Saalikeen]


Maqam Sayyaduna Imam Zain al-'Abideen in Egypt


Once some people from Iraq, came to visit Imam Zain al-'Abideen (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho). During their visit, they began to say disrespectful words concerning Hadrat Abu Bakr, Hadrat Umar and Hadrat Uthman (Ridwanullahi Ta'aal Alaihim Ajma'een).

When they had completed saying what they wished to, He said, Tell me, are you from amongst the first Muhajireen, concerning whom Almighty Allah says, "Those who were driven out from their homes and their possessions seeking the grace of Allah and His Pleasure, and helping Allah and His Messenger. They are the truthful." [Surah Hashr verse 8]

They replied in the negative, by saying that the verse did not refer to them. Hadrat Imam Zain al-'Abideen (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) then asked if they were from amongst the Ansaar, concerning whom Almighty Allah says in the Quran, And those who had established their homes in this city, with faith, from inception, They, (who) show love to those, who migrated towards them, and who find no need in their hearts, for that which has been left, and they give preference to them over their lives, even though they are in great need. [Surah Hashr verse 9]

Again, they answered in the negative. He then said, I swear, that you are not even worthy of this verse of the Quran wherein Allah says, And those who came after them say, O Allah! Pardon us and our brothers, who brought faith before us, And keep not in our hearts hostility towards those with Imaan. O Our Lord, Verily you are most Compassionate, Most Merciful.

After saying this, he asked them to leave his presence. In other words, he showed them that they were not from amongst the Muhajireen, or the Ansaar, or even from amongst the believers. He therefore shunned them for being disrespectful to the Khulafa-e-Thalaasa.


The Karaamats of Imam Zain al-'Abideen are numerous, but a few are being quoted for attaining blessings.

Incident During Hajj:

Two people where making tawaaf of the Kaaba and came to Hajr-e-Aswad. When they touched the Hajr-e-Aswad, both their hands became stuck on it. People tried very hard to release their hands, but it was not possible. Hadrat Imam Zain al-'Abideen entered the Haram whilst this was happening. He said Bismillah hir rahmaan nir rahim and then placed his hands on the Hajr-e-Aswad. Immediately the two peoples hands were released. [Khazinat al-Asfiyah, Vol. 1, Page 34]

The Deer:

Once Hadrat had gone into the jungle with his companions. As they sat to eat, a deer passed by them. The Imam called to the deer and asked it to partake in the meal with them. The Deer immediately came to the Imam and partook in the meal provided. [Masaalik as-Saalikeen, Vol. 1, Page 11]

A Deers Complaint:

A deer once came to Hadrat Imam Zain al-'Abideen (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho), whilst he was in a jungle. The animal fell to the ground and began to say something. Those with the Imam asked what had happened. The Imam said that the deer was complaining about a man who captured her child. Hadrat Imam Zain al-'Abideen (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) summoned the man. The man brought with him the child belonging to the deer. Imam Zain al-'Abideen (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) asked him to release the deer, which he gladly did. After some time, the deer took its young, and said something and then left. Those present were amazed and asked the Imam what the deer said as she left. The Imam said, She said, JazakAllahu fi Darain Khair.
[Masaalik as-Saalikeen]



Almighty Allah blessed Hadrat Imam Zain al-'Abideen (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) with fifteen children. Their blessed names are as follows :


1. Hadrat Muhammad (Imam Baaqir), (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho)

2. Hadrat Zaid, (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho)

3. Hadrat Imraan, (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho)

4. Hadrat Abdullah, (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho)

5. Hadrat Hassan, (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho)

6. Hadrat Hussain, (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho)

7. Hadrat Hussain Asghar, (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho)

8. Hadrat Abdur Rahmaan, (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho)

9. Hadrat Sulaiman, (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho)

10.Hadrat Ali, (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho)

11. one more son whose name is not known.


1. Hadrat Khadija,

2. Hadrat Fathima,

3. Hadrat Aliyah,

4. Hadrat Umme Kulthoom (Ridwanullahi Ta'ala Alaihim Ajma'een).

Hadrat Imam Zain al-'Abideens (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) descendants are from Hadrat Imam Baqir, Hadrat Zaid, Hadrat Abdullah, Hadrat Hussain Ashgar, Hadrat Imraan and Hadrat Ali (Ridwanullahi Ta'ala Alaihim Ajma'een) All of them were blessed with numerous children.
[Masaalik as-Saalikeen]


He was given poison by Waleed bin Abdul Malik and was thus made shaheed on the 18th of Muharram and according to some narrations on the 12th or 22nd of Muharram at the age of 57 or 58. He passed away in Madinatul Munawwarah and his Mazaar Shareef is in Jannatul Baqi. Few have said that his Mazar Sharif is in Egypt and there is a Mosque and Shrine of Imam Zain al-'Adideen in Cairo, Egypt as well but the majority have accepted his Mazar Sharif being in Baqee al Garqad, Madina Munawwarah. ALLAH Knows the Best!

After his wisaal, his camel placed its head on his mazaar shareef and cried. Hadrat Imam Baqir tried to move it away, but it refused. In the end, he said, “She will die in this exact place.” Eventually she did pass away at the Mazaar of Imam Zain al-'Abideen.
[Masaalik as-Saalikeen, Vol. 1, Page 207]


Mazar Sharif of  Imam Zain al-'Abideen in Jannat al-Baqee' Sharif


— — —
Extracted from
Tadhkira Mashaikh-e-Qadiriyah Barakatiya Ridawiyah
Urdu: Mawlana Abdul Mujtaba Ridawi | English: Mawlana Aftab Qasim

15 December 2012 Published in Blog

مفتی اعظم الشاہ ابو البرکات محی الدین جیلانی آل رحمٰن
محمد مصطفیٰ رضا خان قادری برکاتی نوری علیہ الرحمۃ والرضوان


ولادت با سعادت

مرجع العلماء و الفقہاء سیدی حضور مفتی اعظم ہند حضرت علامہ الشاہ ابو البرکات محی الدین جیلانی آل رحمٰن محمد مصطفی رضا صاحب قبلہ نور اللہ مرقدہ کی ولادت با سعادت ۔
۲۲ذوالحجہ ۱۳۱۰ھ بروز جمعہ صبح صادق کے وقت بریلی شریف میں ہوئی ۔

پیدائشی نام ’’ محمد ‘‘ عرف ’’مصطفی رضا‘‘ ہے ۔ مرشد برحق حضرت شاہ ابو الحسین نوری قدس سرہ العزیزنے آل الرحمن ابو البرکات نام تجویز فرمایا اور چھہ ماہ کی عمر میں بریلی شریف تشریف لا کر جملہ سلاسل عالیہ کی اجازت و خلافت عطا فرمائی اور ساتھ ہی امام احمد رضا قدس سرہ کو یہ بشارت عظمیٰ سنائی کہ یہ بچہ دین و ملت کی بڑ ی خدمت کرے گا اور مخلوق خدا کو اس کی ذات سے بہت فیض پہونچے گا۔ یہ بچہ ولی ہے ۔

مرشد کامل کی بشارت

سید المشائخ حضرت شاہ سیدابوالحسین احمد نوری رضی اللہ عنہ نے حضرت مفتی اعظم کو بیعت کرتے وقت ارشاد فرمایا!!!''یہ بچہ دین وملت کی بڑی خدمت کرے گا اور مخلوقِ خدا کو اس کی ذات سے بہت فیض پہنچے گا۔ یہ بچہ ولی ہے۔ اس کی نگاہوں سے لاکھوں گم راہ انسان دینِ حق پر قائم ہوں گے۔ یہ فیض کادریا بہائےگا''۔

سید المشائخ حضرت نوری میاں علیہ الرحمہ نے حلقہئ بیعت میں لینے کے بعد قادری نسبت کا دریائے فیض بناکر ابوالبرکات کو امام احمد رضا علیہ الرحمہ کی گود میں دیتے ہوئے ارشاد فرمایا!!!''مبارک ہو آپ کویہ قرآنی آیت،واجعل لی وزیرا من اھلی کی تفسیر مقبول ہوکر آپ کی گود میں آگئی ہے۔ آل الرحمن۔ محمد۔ ابوالبرکات محی الدین جیلانی مصطفی رضا''۔

اس مبارک نام پر اگر غور کیا جائے تو سب سے پہلے یہ بات سمجھ میں آتی ہے کہ جب کسی شخص میں محاسن کی کثرت ہوتی ہے تو اس کاہر کام تشنہ تو صیف محسوس ہوتا ہے۔ اور ذوق ستائش کسی جامع الصفات شخصیت کو مختلف ناموں سے پکارنے پر مجبور ہوتا ہے۔ اس نام میں پہلی نسبت رحمن سے ہے۔ دوسری نسبت سید عالم صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم سے ہے۔ تیسری نسبت سیدنا حضرت غوث اعظم شیخ عبد القادر محی الدین جیلانی علیہ الرحمہ سے ہے۔

تیسری نسبت کے بعد عزیمت میں اعلیٰحضرت امام احمد رضا خاں علیہ الرحمہ سے نسبت ملحوظ رکھی گئی ہے۔ یہ اہتمام تو اکابرکی بالغ نظری نے کیا تھا۔ مگر لاکھوں افراد نے جب اس منبعِ خیر وفلاح اور سرچشمہ ہدایت سے قریب ہوکر فیوض وبرکات حاصل کیے تو وہ بھی اپنے جذبہئ ستائش پر قابونہ پاسکے۔ آج حضرت مفتی اعظم مختلف ناموں سے یاد کیے جاتے ہیں۔ اللہ تعالیٰ اپنے اسمائے صفات کا پر تو انہیں پرڈالتا ہے جو اس کی بارگاہ میں مقبول ومحبوب ہوجاتے ہیں۔


حصول علم

سخن آموزی کے منزل طے کرنے کے بعد آپ کی تعلیم کا باقاعدہ آغاز ہوا ا ور آپ نے جملہ علوم و فنون اپنے والد ماجد سیدنا امام احمد رضا فاضل بریلوی قدس سرہ ۔ برادر اکبر حجۃ الاسلام حضرت علامہ شاہ محمد حامد رضا خاں صاحب علیہ الرحمۃ و الرضوان۔ استاذ الاساتذہ علامہ شاہ رحم الہی منگلوری ۔ شیخ العلماء علامہ شاہ سید بشیر احمد علی گڑ ھی ۔ شمس العلماء علامہ
ظہور الحسین فاروقی رامپوری سے حاصل کئے اور
۱۸ سال کی عمر میں تقریباً چالیس علوم و فنون حاصل کر کے سند فراغت حاصل کی ۔


فراغت کے بعد جامعہ رضویہ منظر اسلام بریلی شریف ہی میں مسند تدریس کو رونق بخشی۔، تقریبا ًتیس سال تک علم و حکمت کے دریا بہائے ۔ بر صغیر پاک و ہند کی اکثر درسگاہیں آپ کے تلامذہ و مستفیدین سے مالا مال ہیں ۔

طریقہ تعلیم

فقیہ ذی شان مفتی محمد مطیع الرحمن رضوی مدیر عام''الادارۃ الحنفیہ'' کشن گنج بہار حضرت مفتی اعظم علیہ الرحمہ کے طریقہئ تعلیم اور درس افتاء میں امتیازی شان بیان کرتے ہوئے رقم طراز ہیں۔

حضور مفتی اعظم درسِ افتاء میں اس کا التزام فرماتے تھے کہ محض نفسِ حکم سے واقفیت نہ ہو بلکہ اس کے ماعلیہ ومالہ کے تمام نشیب وفراز ذہن نشین ہوجائیں۔ پہلے آیات واحادیث سے استدلال کرتے، پھر اصولِ فقہ وحدیث سے اس کی تائید دکھاتے اور قواعدِ کلیہ کی روشنی میں اس کا جائزہ لے کر کتب فقہ سے جزئیات پیش فرماتے ،پھر مزید اطمینان کےلئے فتاویٰ رضویہ یا اعلیٰحضرت علیہ الرحمہ کا ارشاد نقل فرماتے۔ اگر مسئلہ میں اختلاف ہوتا تو قولِ راجح کی تعیین دلائل سے کرتے اور اصولِ افتا کی روشنی میں ماعلیہ الفتویٰ کی نشاندہی کرتے۔ پھر فتاویٰ رضویہ یااعلیٰحضرت علیہ الرحمہ کے ارشاد سے اس کی تائید پیش فرماتے۔ مگر عموماً یہ سب زبانی ہوتا۔ عام طور سے جواب بہت مختصر اور سادہ لکھنے کی تاکید فرماتے۔ ہاں کسی عالم کا بھیجا ہوا استفتا ہوتا اور وہ ان تفصیلات کا خواستگار ہوتا تو پھر جواب میں وہی رنگ اختیار کرنے کی بات ارشاد فرماتے۔

فقیہ العصر شارح بخاری مولانا محمد شریف الحق امجدی صدر مفتی الجامعۃ الاشرفیہ مبارکپور حضرت امام الفقہاء مفتی اعظم علیہ الرحمہ کے درسِ افتا اور اصلاح فتاویٰ کے متعلق تحریر فرماتے ہیں!!

''میں گیارہ سال تین ماہ خدمت میں حاضر رہا۔ اس مدت میں چوبیس ہزار مسائل لکھے ہیں، جن میں کم از کم دس ہزار وہ ہیں جن پر حضرت مفتی اعظم کی تصحیح وتصدیق ہے۔ عالم یہ ہوتا کہ دن بھر بلکہ بعد مغرب بھی دوگھنٹے تک حاجت مندوں کی بھیڑرہتی۔ یہ حاجت مند خوشخبری لے کر نہیں آتے،سب اپنا اپنا دکھڑا سناتے، غم آگیں واقعات سننے کے بعد دل ودماغ کا کیا حال ہوتا ہے وہ سب کو معلوم ہے۔ اتنے طویل عرصے تک اس غم آفریں ماحول سے فارغ ہونے کے بعد، عشا بعد پھر تشریف رکھتے اور میں اپنے لکھے ہوئے مسائل سناتا۔ میں گھساپٹا نہیں،بہت سوچ سمجھ کر، جانچ تول کر مسئلہ لکھتا،مگر واہ رے مفتی اعظم۔اگر کہیں ذرا بھی غلطی ہے، یالوچ ہے یا بے ربطی ہے۔ یاتعبیر غیر مناسب ہے۔ یا سوال کے ماحول کے مطابق جواب میں کمی بیشی ہے۔ یا کہیں سے کوئی غلط فہمی کا ذرا بھی اندیشہ ہے فوراً اس پر تنبیہ فرمادیتے اور مناسب اصلاح۔تنقید آسان ہے مگر اصلاح دشوار۔ جو لکھا گیا ہے وہ نہیں ہونا چاہیے، اس کو کوئی بھی ذہین نقاد کہہ سکتا ہے،مگر اسکو بدل کرکیا لکھاجائے،یہ جوئے شیرلانے سے کم نہیں ہے۔ مگر ستر سالہ مفتی اعظم کا دماغ اور علم ایسا جوان تھاکہ تنقیدکے بعد فوراً اصلاح فرمادیتے اور ایسی اصلاح کہ پھر قلم ٹوٹ کررہ جاتا''۔

کبھی ایسے جاں فزاتبسم کے ساتھ کہ قربان ہونے کا جذبہ حد اضطرار کو پہنچ جائے۔ کبھی ایسے جلال کے ساتھ کہ اعصاب جواب دے جائیں۔ مگر اس جلال کو کون سانام دیں جس کے بعد مخاطب کی جرأت رندانہ اور بڑھ جاتی۔ کیا کیجئے گا اگر جلال سے مرعوب ہوکر چپ رہتے تو اور جلال بڑھتا،بڑھتا رہتا،یہاں تک کہ مخاطب کو عرض ومعروض کرنا ہی پڑتا۔ یہ جلال وہ جلال تھا کہ جو اس کا مورد بناکندن ہوگیا۔

یہ مجلس آدھی رات سے پہلے کبھی ختم نہ ہوتی۔ بار ہارات کے دوبج جاتے اور رمضان شریف میں توسحری کا وقت روز ہوجاتا۔

بارہا ایسا ہوتا کہ حکم کی تائید میں کوئی عبارت نہ ملتی تو میں اپنی صواب دیدسے حکم لکھ کردیتا۔ کبھی دوردراز کی عبارت سے تائید لاتا۔مگر مفتی اعظم ان کتابوں کی عبارتیں جودارالافتاء میں نہ تھیں زبانی لکھوادیتے۔ میں حیران رہ جاتا۔ یا اللہ کبھی کتاب کا مطالعہ کرتے نہیں،یہ عبارتیں زبانی کیسے یاد ہیں؟پیچیدہ سے پیچیدہ دقیق سے دقیق مسائل پر بداہۃً ایسی تقریر فرماتے کہ معلوم ہوتا تھا اس پر بڑی محنت سے تیاری کی ہے۔

سب جانتے ہیں کہ کلام بہت کم فرماتے مگر جب ضرورت ہوتی تو ایسی بحث فرماتے کہ اجلہ علماء انگشت بدنداں رہ جاتے۔ کسی مسئلہ میں فقہا کے متعدد اقوال ہیں تو سب دماغ میںہروقت حاضر رہتے۔ سب کے دلائل،وجوہ ترجیح اور قولِ مختار ومفتی بہ پر تیقن اور ان سب اقوال پر اس کی وجہ ترجیح سب ازبر۔ باب نکاح میں ایک مسئلہ ایسا ہے جس کی بہتّر صورتیں ہیں اور کثیر الوقوع بھی ہیں۔ پہلی بار جب میں نے اس کو لکھا،سوال مبہم تھا۔ میں نے بیس،پچیس شق قائم کرکے چارورق فل اسکیپ کا غذپر لکھا جب سنانے بیٹھا تو فرمایا!!!''یہ طول طویل شق درشق جواب کون سمجھ پائےگا؟ پھر اگر لوگ ناخداترس ہوئے تو جوشق اپنے مطلب کی ہوگی اس کے مطابق واقعہ بنالیں گے۔ آج ہندوستان میں یہ صورت رائج ہے اسی کے مطابق حکم لکھ کر بھیج دیں یہ قیدلگا کر کہ آپ کے یہاں یہی صورت تھی تو حکم یہ ہے''۔

یہ جواب فل اسکیپ کے آدھے ورق سے بھی کم پر مع تائیدات آگیا۔

اس واقعہ نے بتایا کہ کتب بینی سے علم حاصل کرلینا اور بات ہے اور فتویٰ لکھنا اور بات۔


مجاہدانہ زندگی

آپ کی
۹۲ سالہ حیات مبارکہ میں زندگی کے مختلف موڑ آئے ۔ کبھی شدھی تحریک کا قلع قمع کرنے کیلئے جماعت رضائے مصطفی کی صدارت فرمائی اور باطل پرستوں سے پنجہ آزمائی کیلئے سر سے کفن باندھ کر میدان خارز ارمیں کود پڑ ے ، لاکھوں انسانوں کو کلمہ پڑ ھایا اور بے شمار مسلمانوں کے ایمان کی حفاظت فرمائی ۔ قیام پاکستان کے نعرے اور خلافت کمیٹی کی آوازیں بھی آپ کے دور میں اٹھیں اور ہزاروں شخصیات اس سے متاثر ہوئیں۔ نسبندی کا طوفان بلا خیز آپ کے آخری دور میں رونما ہوا اور بڑ ے بڑ ے ثابت قدم متزلزل ہوگئے لیکن ہر دور میں آپ استقامت فی الدین کا جبل عظیم بن کر ان حوادث زمانہ کا مقابلہ خندہ پیشانی سے فرماتے رہے ۔

آپ نے اس دور پر فتن میں نسبندی کی حرمت کا فتوی صادر فرمایا جبکہ عموما دینی ادارے خاموش تھے ، یا پھر جواز کا فتوی دے چکے تھے ۔

عبادت و ریاضت

سفر و حضر ہر موقع پر کبھی آپ کی نماز پنجگانہ قضا نہیں ہوتی تھی، ہر نماز وقت پر ادا فرماتے ، سفر میں نماز کا اہتمام نہایت مشکل ہوتا ہے لیکن حضر ت پوری حیات مبارکہ اس پر عامل رہے ۔ اس سلسلہ میں چشم دید واقعات لوگ بیان کرتے ہیں کہ نماز کی ادائیگی و اہتمام کیلئے ٹرین چھوٹنے کی بھی پرواہ نہیں فرماتے تھے ، خود نماز ادا کرتے اور ساتھیوں کو بھی سخت تاکید فرماتے ۔

زیارت حرمین شریفین

آپ نے تقسیم ہند سے پہلے دو مرتبہ حج و زیارت کیلئے سفر فرمایا، اس کے بعد تیسری مرتبہ
۱۳۹۱ ھ / ۱۹۷۱ ء میں جب کہ فوٹو لازم ہو چکا تھا لیکن آپ اپنی حزم و احتیاط پر قائم رہے لہذا آپ کو پاسپورٹ وغیرہ ضروری پابندیوں سے مستثنی قرار دے دیا گیا اور آپ حج و زیارت کی سعادت سے سرفراز ہوئے۔

سفرحج و مسئلہ تصویر

آپ نے تین مرتبہ حج و زیارت کی سعادت حاصل کی مگر کبھی تصویر نہیں بنوائی بلکہ ہر بار بغیر تصویر کے پاسپورٹ سے حج پر تشریف لے گئے۔ تیسری مرتبہ حج بیت اللہ پر جاتے وقت حکومت بھارت کی جانب سے پاسپورٹ پر تصویر لگانےکا قانون سخت ہو گیا تھا۔ چنانچہ آپ سے تصویر لگانے کا کہا گیا تو آپ نے برجستہ انکار کرتے ہوئے فرمایا" مجھ پر جو حج فرض تھا وہ میں نے کرلیا، اب نفل حج کیلئے اتنا بڑا ناجائز کام کرکے دربار مصطفوی میں کیسے حاضر ہوسکتا ہوں، میں تصویر ہرگز نہیں کھینچواؤں گا۔ جب اس سے قبل گیا تھا، اس وقت تصویر کی پابندی نہیں تھی۔ بڑے افسوس کی بات ہے کہ جس رسول محترم صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کی شریعت مطہرہ میں تصویر کھینچوانا،رکھنا،بنانا سب حرام ہے،میں اس رسول محترم صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کی بارگاہ میں تصویر کھینچوا جاؤں، یہ مجھ سے نہیں ہوگا"۔ حضور تاجدار مدینہ سرور قلب و سینہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کو اپنے اس غلام کی استقامت و اتباع سنت کی یہ ادا پسند آئی تو اپنے دربار میں حاضری کیلئے خصوصی انتظام فرمایا اور احباب نے جب بغیر تصویر پاسپورٹ کیلئے کوشش کی تو حکومت ہند اور حکومت سعودی عرب نے آپ کو خصوصی اجازت نامہ جاری کیا اور پھر جب آپ جدہ پہنچے تو آپ کا شاندار استقبال کیا گیا اور جب مدینہ منورہ میں داخل ہوئے تو برہنہ پاپیادہ آنکھوں سے آنسو جاری اور جسم پر رقت طاری تھی اور حاضری مدینہ طیبہ کا بڑا پُر کیف و ایمان افروز منظر تھا۔

فتوی نویسی کی مدت

آپ کے خاندان کا یہ طرہ امتیاز رہا ہے کہ تقریبا ً ڈیڑ ھ سو سال سے فتوی نویسی کا گراں قدر فریضہ انجام دے رہا ہے ۔
۱۸۳۱ ھ میں سیدنا اعلیٰ حضرت قدس سرہ کے جد امجد امام العلماء حضرت مفتی رضا علی خاں صاحب قدس سرہ نے بریلی کی سر زمین پر مسند افتاء کی بنیاد رکھی ، پھر اعلیٰ حضرت کے والد ماجد علامہ مفتی نقی علی خاں صاحب قدس سرہ نے یہ فریضہ انجام دیا اور متحدہ پاک و ہند کے جلیل القدر علماء میں آپ کو سر فہرست مقام حاصل تھا ، ان کے بعد امام احمد رضا قد س سرہ نے تقریبا نصف صدی تک علوم و معارف کے دریا بہائے اور فضل و کمال کے ایسے جوہر دکھائے کہ علمائے ہندہی نہیں بلکہ فقہائے حرمین طیبین سے بھی خراج تحسین وصول کیا اور سب نے بالاتفاق چودہویں صدی کا مجدد اعظم تسلیم کیا ۔

آپ کے وصال اقدس کے بعد آپ کے فرزند اکبر حجۃ الاسلام نے اس منصب کو زینت بخشی اور پھر باقاعدہ سیدنا حضور مفتی اعظم کو یہ عہدہ تفویض ہوا جس کا آغاز خود امام احمد رضا کی حیات طیبہ ہی میں ہو چکا تھا ۔

آپ نے مسئلہ رضاعت سے متعلق ایک فتوی نو عمری کے زمانے میں بغیر کسی کتاب کی طرف رجوع کئے تحریر فرمایا تو اس سے متاثر ہو کر امام احمد رضا نے فتوی نویسی کی عام اجازت فرمادی اور مہر بھی بنوا کر مرحمت فرمائی جس پر یہ عبارت کندہ تھی ’’ابو البرکات محی الدین جیلانی آل الرحمن محمد عرف مصطفی رضا‘‘

یہ مہر دینی شعورکی سند اور اصابت فکر کا اعلان تھی۔ بلکہ خود امام احمد رضا نے جب پورے ہندوستان کے لئے دار القضاء شرعی کا قیام فرمایا تو قاضی و مفتی کا منصب صدر الشریعہ ، مفتی اعظم اور برہان الحق جبل پوری قدس اسرارہم کو عطا فرمایا ۔

غرضکہ آپ نے نصف صدی سے زیادہ مدت تک لاکھوں فتاوی لکھے ۔ اہل ہندو پاک اپنے الجھے ہوئے مسائل آپ کی خدمت میں لے کر حاضر ہوتے اور ہر پیدا ہونے والے مسئلہ میں فیصلہ کے لئے نگاہیں آپ ہی کی طرف اٹھتی تھیں ۔ آپ کے فتاوی کا وہ ذخیرہ محفوظ نہ رہ سکا ورنہ آج وہ اپنی ضخانت و مجلدات کے اعتبار سے دوسرا فتاوی رضویہ ہوتا۔


تصنیفات و ترتیبات

آپ کی تصانیف علم و تحقیق کا منارہ ہدایت ہیں ۔ جس موضوع پر قلم اٹھاتے ہیں حق تحقیق ادا فرماتے ہیں ، فقیہ ملت حضرت مفی جلال الدین صاحب قبلہ علیہ الرحمہ نے آپ کی تصانیف کا تعارف تحریر فرمایا ہے اسی کا خلاصہ ہدیۂ قارئین ہے ۔

1 المکرمۃ النبویۃ فی اللفتاوی المصطفوی (یہ پہلے تین حصوں میں عالی جناب قربان علی صاحب کے اہتمام میں شائع ہو ا تھا ۔ اب ایک ضخیم جلد میں حضرت فقیہ ملت علیہ الر حمہ کی نگرانی میں رضا اکیڈمی بمبئی سے شائع ہو ا ہے جو حسن صوری و معنوی سے مالا مال ہے.)
2 اشد العذاب علی عابد الخناس (۱۳۲۸) تحذیر الناس کا رد بلیغ
3 وقعات السنان فی حلق المسماۃ بسط البنان (۱۳۳۰) بسط البنان اور تحذیر الناس پر تنقید اور۱۳۲سوالا ت کامجموعہ
4 الرمح الدیانی علی راس الوسواس الشیطانی (۱۳۳۱) تفسیر نعمانی کے مولف پر حکم کفر وارتداد گویا یہ حسام الحرمین کا خلاصہ ہے
5 النکتہ علی مراۃ کلکتہ (۱۳۳۲) اذان خارج مسجد ہونے پر ائمہ کی تصریحات کا خلاصہ
6 صلیم الدیان لتقطیع حبالۃ الشیطان (۱۳۳۲)
7 سیف القہار علی عبد الکفار (۱۳۳۲)
8 نفی العار عن معائب المولوی عبد الغفار (۱۳۳۲)
9 مقتل کذب وکید (۱۳۳۲)
10 مقتل اکذب و اجہل (۱۳۳۲) اذان ثانی کے تعلق سے سے مولوی عبد الغفار خاں رامپور ی کی متعدد تحریروں کے رد میں یہ رسائل لکھے گئے
11 ادخال السنان الی الحنک الحلق البسط البنان (۱۳۳۲)
12 وقایۃ اہل السنۃ عن مکر دیوبند و الفتنۃ (۱۳۳۲) اذان ثانی سے متعلق آیک کانپوری دیوبندی کا رد
13 الہی ضرب بہ اہل الحرب (۱۳۳۲)
14 الموت الاحمر علی کل انحس اکفر (۱۳۳۷) موضوع تکفیر پر نہایت معرکۃ الآراء بحثیں اس کتاب میں تحقیق سے پیش کی گئی ہیں
15 الملفوظ ، چار حصے (۳۳۸ا) امام احمد رضا قدس سرہ کے ملفوظات
16 القول العجیب فی جواز التثویب (۱۳۳۹) اذان کے بعد صلوۃ پکارنے کا ثبوت
17 الطاری الداری لہفوات عبد الباری (۱۳۳۹) امام احمد رضا فاضل بریلو ی اور مولانا عبد الباری فرنگی محلی کے درمیان مراسلت کا مجموعہ
18 طرق ا لہدی و الارشاد الی احکام الامارۃ و الجہاد (۱۳۴۱) اس رسالہ میں جہاد، خلافت ، ترک موالات ، ، نان کو آپریشن اور قربانی گاؤ وغیرہ کے متعلق چھہ سوالات کے جوابات
19 فصل الخلافۃ (۱۳۴۱) اس کا دوسر ا نام سوراج در سوراخ ہے اور مسئلہ خلافت سے متعلق ہے
20 حجۃ واہرہ بوجوب الحجۃ الحاضرہ (۱۳۴۲) بعض لیڈروں کا رد جنہوں نے حج بیت اللہ سے ممانعت کی تھی اور کہا تھا کہ شریف مکہ ظالم ہے
21 القسورۃ علی ادوار الحمر الکفرۃ (۱۳۴۳) جس کا لقبی نام ظفر علی رمۃ کفر۔۔اخبار زمیندار میں شائع ہونے والے تین کفری اشعارکارد بلیغ
22 سامان بخشش (نعتیہ دیوان) ( ۱۳۴۷)
23 طرد الشیطان (عربی) نجدی حکومت کی جانب سے لگائے گئے حج ٹیکس کا رد
24 مسائل سماع
25 سلک مرادآباد پر معترضانہ رمارک
26 نہایۃ السنان  بسط البنان کا تیسرارد
27 شفاء العی فی جواب سوال بمبئی  اہل قرآن اور غیر مقلدین کا اجتماعی رد
28 الکاوی فی العاوی و الغاوی (۱۳۳۰)
29 القثم القاصم للداسم القاسم (۱۳۳۰)
30 نور الفرقان بین جند الالہ و احزاب الشیطان (۱۳۳۰)
31 تنویر الحجۃ بالتواء الحجۃ
32 وہابیہ کی تقیہ بازی
33 الحجۃ الباہرہ
34 نور العرفان
35 داڑ ھی کا مسئلہ
36 حاشیہ الاستمداد ( کشف ضلال ویوبند)
37 حاشیہ فتاوی رضویہ اول
38 حاشیہ فتاوی رضویہ پنجم

بعض مشاہیر تلامذہ

بعض مشہور تلامذئہ کرام کے اسماء اس طرح ہیں جو بجائے خود استاذ الاساتذہ شمار کئے جاتے ہیں ۔

۱۔ شیر بشیۂ اہل سنت حضرت علامہ محمد حشمت علی خاں صاحب قدس سرہ
۲۔ محدث اعظم پاکستان حضرت علامہ مفتی سردار احمد صاحب علیہ الرحمۃ و الرضوان
۳۔ فقیہ عصر مولانا مفتی محمد اعجاز ولی خاں صاحب بریلی شریف علیہ الرحمۃ و الرضوان
۴۔ فقیہ عصر شارح بخاری مفتی محمد شریف الحق امجدی دامت علیہ الرحمہ
۵۔ محدث کبیر علامہ محمد ضیاء المصطفی اعظمی شیخ الحدیث الجامعۃ الاشرفیہ مبارکپور
۶۔ بلبل ہند مفتی محمد رجب علی صاحب نانپاروی ، بہرائچ شریف
۷۔ شیخ العلماء مفتی غلام جیلانی صاحب گھوسوی

مستفیدین اور درس افتاء کے تلامذہ کی فہرست نہایت طویل ہے جن کے احاطہ کی اس مختصر میں گنجائش نہیں ، صرف اتنا سمجھ لینا کافی ہے کہ آسمان افتاء کے آفتاب و ماہتاب بنکر چمکنے والے مفتیان عظام اسی عبقری شخصیت کے خوان کرام کے خوشہ چین رہے جس سے یہ بات روز روشن کی طرح عیاں ہوجاتی ہے کہ حضور مفتی اعظم ہند کو افتاء جیسے وسیع و عظیم فن میں ایسا تبحر اور ید طولیٰ حاصل تھا کہ ان کے دامن فضل و کرم سے وابستہ ہو کر ذرے ماہتاب بن گئے ۔

بعض مشاہیر خلفاء

۱۔ مفسر اعظم ہند مولانامحمد ابراہیم رضا خاں جیلانی میاں بریلی شریف
۲۔ غزالی دوراں علامہ سید احمد سعید صاحب کاظمی، ملتان پاکستان
۳۔ مجاہد ملت علامہ حبیب الرحمن صاحب رئیس اعظم اڑ یسہ
۴۔ شیر بیشہ اہل سنت مولانا حشمت علی خاں صاحب، پیلی بھیت
۵۔ رازی زماں مولانا حاجی مبین الدین صاحب امروہہ ، مرآد اباد
۶۔ شہزادۂ صدر الشریعہ مولانا عبد المصطفی صاحب ازہری کراچی ، پاکستان
۷۔ شارح بخاری مفتی محمد شریف الحق صاحب امجدی گھوسی، اعظم گڑ ھ
۸۔ شمس العلماء مولانا قاضی شمس الدین احمد صاحب جونپور
۹۔ محدث اعظم پاکستان مولانا محمد سردار احمد صاحب لائل پور ، پاکستان
۱۰۔ خطیب مشرق مولانا مشتاق احمد صاحب نظامی الہ آباد۔
۱۱۔ پیر طریقت مولانا قاری مصلح الدین صاحب کراچی پاکستان
۱۲۔ استاذ العلماء مولانا محمد تحسین رضا خاں صاحب بریلی شریف
۱۳۔ قائد ملت مولانا ریحان رضا خاں صاحب بریلی شریف
۱۴۔ تاج الشریعہ مولانا محمد اختر رضا خاں صاحب بریلی شریف
۱۵۔ پیر طریقت مولانا سید مبشر علی میاں صاحب بہیڑ ی بریلی شریف
۱۶۔ فاضل جلیل مولانا سید شاہد علی صاحب الجامعۃ الاسلامیہ رامپور
۱۷۔ حضرت مفتی محمد خلیل خاں برکاتی، پاکستان
۱۸۔ حضرت سید امین میاں قادری برکاتی، مارہرہ شریف، انڈیا
۱۹۔ حضرت مفتی محمد حسین قادری، سکھر، پاکستان
۲۰۔ حضرت علامہ مولانا سید شاہ تراب الحق قادری، کراچی، پاکستان
۲۱۔ حضرت مولانا عبد الحمید پالمر، ساوتھ افریقہ
۲۲۔ حضرت علامہ مولانا شیخ عبد الھادی القادری، ساوتھ افریقہ وغیرہ

تاریخ وصال اور عمر شریف

لفظ طہ میں ہے مضمران کی تاریخ وصال
چودھویں کی رات کو وہ بے گماں جاتا رہا

محبوب ذوالجلال کا عاشق صادق، اسلام وسنت کا مہکتا گلشن شریعت وطریقت کا نیرتاباں، علم وفضل کا گوہ گراں، امام ابوحنیفہ کی فکر، امام رازی کی حکمت، امام غزالی کا تصوف، امام احمد رضا کی آنکھ کا تارا اور ہم سنیوں کا سہارا، اکانوے سال اکیس دن کی عمر میں مختصر علالت کے بعد ١٤، محرم الحرام ١٤٠٢ھ بمطابق ١٢ نومبر١٩٨١ء رات ایک بج کر چالیس منٹ پر کلمہ طیبہ کا ورد کرتا ہوا خالقِ حقیقی سے جاملا۔ اناللّٰہ واناالیہ راجعون

حضرت مفتی اعظم کے وصال پر ملال کی خبر دنیا کے مشہور ریڈیو اسٹیشنوں نے نشر کی۔ اگلے روزنماز جمعہ کے بعد اسلامیہ کالج کے وسیع میدان میں تین بج کر پندرہ منٹ پر نمازجنازہ ہوئی اور تقریباً چھ بجے اعلیحضرت فاضل بریلوی علیہ الرحمہ کے بائیں پہلو میں سپرد خاک کردیا گیا۔ نماز جنازہ میں لاکھوں افراد کا ٹھاٹھیں مارتا ہوا سمندر تھا۔ جو حضور مفتی اعظم کی مقبولیت وشہرت اور جلالتِ شان کا کھلا ثبوت تھا۔

١٤٠٢ھ ''پروازکرد مفتی اعظم'' بہ عیسوی ست١٩٨١ء

15 December 2012 Published in Blog

فضائل و مناقب حسنين الكريمين
سيدنا امام حسن و سيدنا امام حسين رضي الله عنهما


























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کتاب: فضائل صحابہ کرام و اہلبیت اطہار رضوان اللہ تعالی علیہم اجمعین
تصنیف: حضرت علامہ سید شاہ تراب الحق قادری مد ظلہ عالی

15 December 2012 Published in Blog


At this moment, we are entering into the 1434 A.H., May Allah Almighty make this a truly blessed and prosperous year for Islam and the Muslim Ummah. May Almighty Allah let us live as practicing Muslims, and may He let us leave this world as practicing Muslims. May Allah Almighty give us courage in 1434 Hijri to use all our efforts in order to regain our lost identity and values... Ameen!!

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15 December 2012 Published in Blog

All praise is for Allah who ennobled the ability of those who desire to be his servants. I testify that there is no deity except Allah, the King of the distressed and the happy, I testify that our master Muhammad is his beloved Messenger, who establishes the right path, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, his family, his companions and the outstanding leaders.

The excellence and virtues of the second caliph of Islam, Sayyiduna Umar al-Farooq, may Allah be pleased with him, are more than can be counted. Here, I am mentioning the most famous ones. I only wish to bless myself by serving him by this remnant to benefit he who does not know much of his virtues by the ignorance before him. This small collection of Traditions will in sha Allah increase and elevate his rank in our hearts and minds and tell us of his exalted status in the court of Almighty Allah and His beloved Messenger SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam.


1. Sayyiduna Abdullah bin Abbas (may Allah be pleased with both the father and the son) reports the Holy Prophet, may Allah send greetings and salutations on him, as saying:

اللهم أعز الإسلام بأبى جهل بن هشام أو بعمر. قال فأصبح فغدا عمر على رسول الله -صلى الله عليه وسلم- فأسلم
"O Allah, strengthen Islam with Abu Jahl bin Hisham or Umar bin Khattab." In the morning Umar went to the Holy Prophet, may Allah send greetings and salutations on him, and embraced Islam.
[Sunan Tirmidhi, Hadith 3683]

2. Sayyiduna Abdullah bin Abbas (may Allah be pleased with both the father and the son) narrates when Sayyiduna Umar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu accepted Islam, Jibraeel Alaihis Salam descent and said:

يا محمد لقد استبشر أهل السماء بإسلام عمر
"O Muhammad – may Allah send greetings and salutations on him – indeed, the residents of the heavens are rejoicing in Umar`s embracing Islam." [Sunan Ibn Majah, Hadith 103]

3. It is related that Sayyiduna 'Abdullah Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu said,

ما زلنا أعزة منذ أسلم عمر
"We have become mighty since 'Umar became Muslim." [Sahih al-Bukhari, Book of the Virtues of the Companions, Hadith 3481]

4. Sayyiduna Uqbah bin Amir (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Holy Prophet, may Allah send greetings and salutations on him, said:

لو كان بعدى نبى لكان عمر بن الخطاب
If there were to be a prophet after me, indeed he would be Umar, son of Khattab. [Sunan Tirmidhi, Hadith 3686]

5. It is related that Sayyiduna Jabir ibn 'Abdullah said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said,

رأيتنى دخلت الجنة ، فإذا أنا بالرميصاء امرأة أبى طلحة وسمعت خشفة ، فقلت من هذا فقال هذا بلال . ورأيت قصرا بفنائه جارية ، فقلت لمن هذا فقال لعمر . فأردت أن أدخله فأنظر إليه ، فذكرت غيرتك » . فقال عمر بأمى وأبى يا رسول الله أعليك أغار طرفاه
"I dreamt that I entered the Garden and there was ar-Rumaysa', the wife of Abu Talha. I heard a faint sound and said, 'Who is this?' He said, 'This is Bilal.' I saw a palace with a girl in its courtyard and said, 'Who does this belong to?' They said, ''Umar.' I wanted to enter it and look at it but then I remembered your self-esteem.' 'Umar said, 'By my mother and father, Messenger of Allah, would I consider self-esteem on account of you?'" [Sahih al-Bukhari, Book of the Virtues of the Companions, Hadith 3476]

6. Sayyiduna Abdullah bin Umar (may Allah be pleased with both the father and the son) narrates that one day the Holy Prophet, may Allah send greetings and salutations on him, went out and entered the mosque with Abu Bakr and Umar, one on his right hand and the other on his left, holding their hands. Then he said:

هكذا نبعث يوم القيامة
"We will be raised thus on the Day of Resurrection."
[Sunan Tirmidhi, Hadith 3669]


7. Sayyiduna Jabir bin Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with both the father and the son) narrates:

قال عمر لأبى بكر يا خير الناس بعد رسول الله. فقال أبو بكر أما إنك إن قلت ذاك فلقد سمعت رسول الله -صلى الله عليه وسلم- يقول ما طلعت الشمس على رجل خير من عمر
Umar said to Abu Bakr, "O best of men after Allah`s Messenger, may Allah send greetings and salutations on him!" Abu Bakr replied, "Seeing that you have that, (I would also tell you that) I heard Allah`s Messenger, may Allah send greetings and salutations on him, say, "The sun has not risen on a better man than Umar.""
[Sunan Tirmidhi, Hadith 3684]

8. Sayyiduna Abdullah bin Umar (may Allah be pleased with both the father and the son) narrates that Allah`s Messenger, may Allah send greetings and salutations on him, said,

إن الله جعل الحق على لسان عمر وقلبه
"Indeed, Allah has placed truth upon Umar`s tongue and heart." [Sunan Tirmidhi, Hadith 2682]

9. It is related from Sayyiduna Abu Hamzah that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said,

بينا أنا نائم شربت - يعنى اللبن - حتى أنظر إلى الرى يجرى فى ظفرى أو فى أظفارى ، ثم ناولت عمر. فقالوا فما أولته قال العلم
"While I was asleep, I dreamt that I drank (milk) until I could feel moisture coming out of my nails and then I gave it to 'Umar ibn al-Khattab." They asked, "How do you interpret it, Messenger of Allah?" He replied, "It means knowledge."
[Sahih al-Bukhari, Book of the Virtues of the Companions, Hadith 3478]

10. It is related that Sayyiduna 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said,

أريت فى المنام أنى أنزع بدلو بكرة على قليب ، فجاء أبو بكر فنزع ذنوبا أو ذنوبين نزعا ضعيفا ، والله يغفر له ، ثم جاء عمر بن الخطاب فاستحالت غربا ، فلم أر عبقريا يفرى فريه حتى روى الناس وضربوا بعطن
"I dreamt that I was at a well drawing water with a young camel's bucket, Abu Bakr came and drew one or two buckets, but there was some weakness in his drawing. May Allah forgive him. Then 'Umar ibn al-Khattab came and it turned into a large bucket in his hand. I have not seen a leader among the people work so well as he did until the people watered their camels."
[Sahih al-Bukhari, Book of the Virtues of the Companions, Hadith 3479]

11. It is related that Sayyiduna Sa'id ibn Abi Waqqas said,

استأذن عمر بن الخطاب على رسول الله - صلى الله عليه وسلم - ، وعنده نسوة من قريش يكلمنه ويستكثرنه ، عالية أصواتهن على صوته فلما استأذن عمر بن الخطاب قمن فبادرن الحجاب فأذن له رسول الله - صلى الله عليه وسلم - فدخل عمر ورسول الله - صلى الله عليه وسلم - يضحك ، فقال عمر أضحك الله سنك يا رسول الله . فقال النبى - صلى الله عليه وسلم - « عجبت من هؤلاء اللاتى كن عندى فلما سمعن صوتك ابتدرن الحجاب » . فقال عمر فأنت أحق أن يهبن يا رسول الله . ثم قال عمر يا عدوات أنفسهن ، أتهبننى ولا تهبن رسول الله - صلى الله عليه وسلم - فقلن نعم ، أنت أفظ وأغلظ من رسول الله - صلى الله عليه وسلم - . فقال رسول الله - صلى الله عليه وسلم - إيها يا ابن الخطاب والذى نفسى بيده ما لقيك الشيطان سالكا فجا قط إلا سلك فجا غير فجك
"'Umar asked the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, for permission to enter while there were some women of Quraysh with him who speaking to him and asking him for more, raising their voices above his voice. When 'Umar ibn al-Khattab asked for permission to enter, they rushed to screen themselves. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, gave him permission and 'Umar entered while the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was laughing. 'Umar said, 'May Allah make you laugh, Messenger of Allah.' He said, 'I am amazed at those women who were with me. When they heard your voice, they rushed to screen themselves.' 'Umar said, 'But you, Messenger of Allah, are more entitled to be feared.' Then he said, 'O enemies of your selves! Do you fear me and not fear the Messenger of Allah?' They said, 'Yes, you are harsher and more severe than the Messenger of Allah.' The Messenger of Allah said, 'O Ibn al-Khattab! By the One in whose hand my soul is, whenever Shaytan finds you taking a path, he only takes a path other than your path.'"
[Sahih al-Bukhari, Book of the Virtues of the Companions, Hadith 3480]

12. It is related that Sayyiduna Ibn 'Abbas said,

وضع عمر على سريره ، فتكنفه الناس يدعون ويصلون قبل أن يرفع ، وأنا فيهم ، فلم يرعنى إلا رجل آخذ منكبى ، فإذا على فترحم على عمر ، وقال ما خلفت أحدا أحب إلى أن ألقى الله بمثل عمله منك ، وايم الله ، إن كنت لأظن أن يجعلك الله مع صاحبيك ، وحسبت أنى كنت كثيرا أسمع النبى - صلى الله عليه وسلم - يقول ذهبت أنا وأبو بكر وعمر ، ودخلت أنا وأبو بكر وعمر ، وخرجت أنا وأبو بكر وعمر
"'Umar ibn al-Khattab who had been placed on his bed, and the people gathered around him to make supplication and pray before he was removed. I was among them. I was startled when a man took hold of my shoulders, and it was 'Ali ibn Abi Talib. He asked for mercy for 'Umar and said, 'You have not left behind anyone I would prefer to encounter with the like of your actions. By Allah, I used to think that Allah would put you with your two companions. I reckoned this as I often heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "I and Abu Bakr and 'Umar went..." and "I and Abu Bakr and 'Umar entered..." and "I and Abu Bakr and 'Umar left."'"
[Sahih al-Bukhari, Book of the Virtues of the Companions, Hadith 3482]


13. It is added that Sayyiduna Abu Hurayra said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said,

لقد كان فيمن كان قبلكم من بنى إسرائيل رجال يكلمون من غير أن يكونوا أنبياء ، فإن يكن من أمتى منهم أحد فعمر
"Among the tribe of Israel before you were men who were spoken to without being Prophets. If there are any of them among my community, then it is 'Umar."
[Sahih al-Bukhari, Book of the Virtues of the Companions, Hadith 3486]

14. It is related that Sayyiduna Abu Sa'id al-Khudri said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say,

بينا أنا نائم رأيت الناس عرضوا على وعليهم قمص ، فمنها ما يبلغ الثدى ، ومنها ما يبلغ دون ذلك ، وعرض على عمر وعليه قميص اجتره . قالوا فما أولته يا رسول الله قال الدين
'While I was asleep, I dreamed I saw some people who were shown to me and who were wearing shirts some of which reached to their breasts and some of which were shorter than that. 'Umar ibn al-Khattab was shown to me wearing a shirt that was trailing on the ground.' They asked, 'How do you interpret that, Messenger of Allah?' He answered, 'The Religion.'"
[Sahih al-Bukhari, Book of the Virtues of the Companions, Hadith 3488]

15. The son of Sayyiduna Ali
Radi Allahu Allahu Ta'ala Anhu, Imam Muhammad bin Hanafiyya Radi Allahu Allahu Ta'ala Anhu narrates:

قلت لأبى أى الناس خير بعد رسول الله - صلى الله عليه وسلم - قال أبو بكر . قلت ثم من قال ثم عمر
'I asked my father who was the best of people after the Holy Prophet and he answered "Abu Bakr". I asked him who is the best of people after Abu Bakr and he replied, "Umar"'
[Sahih al-Bukhari, Book of the Virtues of the Companions, Hadith 3468]

16. Hadrat Abdullah bin Salma Radi Allahu Allahu Ta'ala Anhu reports from Sayyiduna Ali
Radi Allahu Allahu Ta'ala Anhu ,

خیر الناس بعد رسول الله صلی الله تعالی علیه وسلم ابوبكر وخیر الناس بعد ابوبكر عمر
'After the Noble Messenger, the best of people is Abu Bakr, then the best of people is Umar' [Sunan Ibn Majah, Hadith 111]

17. Narrated by Sayyiduna Hudhaifa Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu, He said: Beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam said,

اقتدوا باللذين من بعدي أبي بكر و عمر
“Follow after me from my companions Abu-Bakr and 'Umar.” [Sunan Tirmidhi, Hadith 3742]

18. Sayyiduna Abdullah Ibn Mas'ood Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu said:

لو وضع علم عمر في كفة ميزان و وضع علم الناس في كفة لرجح علم عمر
"If the knowledge of 'Umar was put on one side of a scale, and the knowledge of the people on the other side of the scale, 'Umar's knowledge would weigh more." [Al-Mustadrak 'ala al-Sahîhayn‎, Vol. 3, Page 92, Hadith 4497]


19. Imam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal records a hadith narrated upon the authority of Sayyiduna Qabisah ibn Jaabir who said:

ما رأيت رجلا أعلم بالله ولا أقرأ لكتاب الله ولا أفقه في دين الله من عمر
I haven't seen anyone more knowledgeable about the book of Allah and His religion, nor anyone more upholding of the limits imposed by Allah, nor anyone more feared and respected in the breasts of men than 'Umar ibn Al-Khattaab. [Fadail al-Sahaba, Vol. 1, Page 330, Hadith 472]

20. Sayyiduna Ali (may Allah ennoble his face) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said,

أبوبكر وعمر سيدا كهول أهل الجنة من الأولين والآخرين، ما خلا النبيين والمرسلين
“Abu Bakr and `Umar are the leaders of the mature inhabitants of Paradise, of the first and the last with the exception of the Prophets and the Messengers.” [Jami' al-Ahadith, Hadith 233]

21. Sayyiduna Ibn ‘Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said,

أبو بكر وعمر من هذا الدين كمنزلة السمع والبصر من الرأس
“Abu Bakr and Umar are to the religion like the station of the hearing and the sight to the head.” [Al-Khattib in Tarikh, Vol. 8, Page 459 from Jabir]

22. Sayyiduna Ibn ‘Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) reports that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said,

أبو بكر وعمر مني بمنزلة هارون من موسى
“Abu Bakr and Umar are to me in the station of Haroon from Musa.” [Al-Khattib in Tarikh, Vol. 5, Page 194]

23. Sayyiduna Ibn ‘Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) reports that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said,

عمر مني وأنا من عمر، والحق بعدي مع عمر حيث كان
“I am from Umar and Umar is from me. The truth, after me, is with Umar wherever he is.” [Al-Tabrani in Awsat, Vol. 3, Page 104, Hadith 2629]

24. Sayyiduna Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) reports that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) struck the chest of Umar with his hand when he became Muslim and said,

اللهم أخرج ما في صدر عمر من غل وداء، وأبدله إيمانا - ثلاثا
“O Allah take out from the heart of Umar rancour and disease in exchange for faith.” (Three times) [Jami' al-Ahadith, Hadith 4812]


25. Sayyiduna Ibn ‘Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said,

أتاني جبريل عليه السلام فقال: أقرىء عمر السلام وقل له: إن رضاه حكم، وإن غضبه عزّ
“Jibril, upon him peace, came to me and said, Convey greeting to Umar and say to him his satisfaction is wisdom and his anger might.” [Al-Tabrani in Kabir, Vol. 10, Page 207, Hadith 12302]

26. A freed bondswoman of Sayyidah Hafsah (may Allah be pleased with her) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said,

إن الشيطان لم يلق عمر منذ أسلم إلا خر لوجهه
“Satan has not meet Umar since he became Muslim except murmur in his face.” [Al-Tabarani in Al-Kabir, Vol. 18, Page 42, Hadith 20230]

27. Sayyiduna Abu Dhar (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) saw Umar and said,

لا تصيبنكم فتنة ما دام هذا فيكم
“You shall not be afflicted with tribulation as long as he is amongst you.” [Al-Tabarani in Awsat, Vol. 4, Page 478, Hadith 2019]

28. Sayyiduna Abu Sa’id Al-Khudari (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said,

من أبغض عمر فقد أبغضني، ومن أحب عمر فقد أحبني
“Whoever hates Umar hates me. Whoever loves Umar loves me.” [Al-Tabarani in Awsat, Vol. 14, Page 493, Hadith 6915]

29. Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ud (may Allah be pleased with him) said,

إن كان إسلام عمر لفتحاً وهجرته لنصراً، وإمارته رحمة، والله ما استطعنا أن نصلي عند البيت الكعبة ظاهرين
“If the Islam of Umar was an opening his migration was a victory and his leadership mercy. I swear by Allah that we were unable to pray at the Ka’aba publically until Umar became Muslim.”
[Al-Mustadrak 'ala al-Sahîhayn‎, Vol. 3, Page 90 Hadith 4487]

30. Sayyiduna Ammar ibn Yasir (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said,

يا عمار أتاني جبريل آنفاً فقلت: يا جبريل حدثني بفضائل عمر بن الخطاب في السماء فقال: يا محمد لو حدثتك بفضائل عمر منذ ما لبث نوح في قومه ألف سنة إلا خمسين عاما ما نفدت فضائل عمر
“O Ammar, Jibril came to me and I asked, “O Jibril narrate to me the virtues of Umar ibn Al-Khattab in the heavens.” He said, “O Muhammad, if I was to narrate the virtues of Umar from the time that Nuh remained with his people, nine hundred and fifty years, I would not exhaust the virtues of Umar.” [Abu Y’alla in Musnad, Vol. 4, Page 173, Hadith 1568]


And Allah is the giver of success; Allah is sufficient for us and a blessed protector. All praise belongs to Allah, the first, the last, the internal, the external and may Allah bless his Messenger, his prophet, our master Muhammad, his family, his companions, his group and his party; O Allah please accept. All praise belongs to Allah master of the universe.

15 December 2012 Published in Blog


Gems of Wisdom by Ameer al-Mu'mineen
Sayyiduna 'Umar al-Farooq Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho


  • To eat less is healthy, to speak less is wisdom, and to sleep less is worship.
  • To speak less is wisdom, to eat less is healthy and to mingle less with the people is safe and serene.
  • The one who steps back will not progress.
  • Nothing is worst than avarice that destroys the mind, not even Alcohol.
  • It is unbecoming of that person who sits with his hands folded and prays to ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala for sustenance. ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala does not rain down gold and silver from the heavens.
  • To earn a suspicious living is worse than begging.
  • The biggest gift after Iman (Faith) is your wives.
  • Attain knowledge before old age settles in.
  • Extravagance is also when a person eats whatever he wishes.
  • Whosoever hides his secret keeps his safety, safeguarded with himself.
  • The person who calls himself learned, indeed he is ignorant, and the one who calls himself from the dwellers of Paradise surely he is from the dwellers of Hell.
  • Tawbatun-NasooHa (Accepted forgiveness) is the name of that forgiveness that is asked for a bad deed committed, in such a manner that he never returns to or commits that bad deed again.
  • The Strength in action is, never to put of what you can do today for tomorrow.
  • It is not becoming of a Muslim to sit down and start praying for sustenance without attempting to earn it, he is well aware that gold and silver does not rain from the skies.
  • If it wasn’t for the claim of knowledge of the unknown then I would say five people are from the dwellers of Paradise:
  1. That family man who is poverty stricken but is patient
  2. That women with whom her husband is happy and accepting.
  3. That woman who forgives he husband’s duty of Mehr (Dowry approved by Muslim law)
  4. That person with whom his parents are Happy
  5. And that person who honestly repents from his sins
  • Once a sheep was slaughtered and Syeduna 'Umar al-Farooq Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho persistently asked his servant if he had first sent meat to his neighbor who was a Jew. The slave asked why you are asking the same question persistently. He answered that ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala and his Rasūl Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam had constantly stressed the importance of neighbors therefore I too am persistent in stressing the same.
  • Three things build love:
  1. To make Salam (greeting)
  2. To make space for a person in a gathering
  3. To address a person in a respectable and good manner



  • There are four types of Regrets:
  1. Regret that spans over a day e.g. When a person leaves his home without eating.
  2. Regret that spans over a year, just like the negligence shown when cultivating.
  3. Regret that spans over a lifetime, when a man and his wife are unsuited to each other.
  4. Regret that is eternal, which is when your Creator is unhappy with you.
  • There are three types of people:
  1. Successful: he who listens to the advice of people and ponders over it.
  2. Lazy or Lethargic: he who does what he wants without consultation or advice of people.
  3. Corpse: who neither gives nor listens to advice and consolation.
  • Sayyiduna 'Umar Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho on many an occasion asked this du'a (supplication) to ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala so that certain situations should always remain with him and some things should be removed, the Du'a is: “O ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala! Make me such that I may speak with intellect or reap tolerance with silent. O! ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala do not bestow upon me too many favours, so that I may not be confused by it, not too little that I may forget You. Hence, little yet sufficient in comparison to having plenty thereby becoming indulgent and committing sin.”
  • If ever you see a learned person ('Aalim) leaning towards this World, then know this he is blameworthy for his Religion, because the universal harm is that if a person desires something then he is constantly engrossed in its quest.
  • Faith (Iman) is to regard the Oneness of ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala in ones heart proclaim it with your tongue and to obey the fundamental Islamic Instructions.
  • The relationship of true humility and genuine fear of ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala is with the heart and not by a show of outward actions.
  • Why have you made slaves of those whose mothers had given birth to them free?
  • Judgments or Settlements in any cases should be done quickly, so that the accused, due to a prolonged period of time are not compelled to withdraw their accusation.
  • It is absolutely necessary not to associate with a beast for though he wishes or means well, yet he would still be accused of committing a crime.
  • ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala, shower your Blessings of Mercy on that person who informs me of my faults.
  • When a learned man takes a false step then he ensnares himself in a World of wrongdoings.
  • One day a man was praising Hadrat 'Umar Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho, he replied by saying why are you destroying me even more with my desires (Nafs).
  • I am not a fool, but I pretend to be a fool, in order to fool the fool. And just when the fool thinks I am a fool, I will expose the fool and show to him that he is the fool.



  • I do not look at anything, except, that I see everything with ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala.
  • If I die in this condition that I have strived to earn an honest living then it is more beloved to me than even dying as a Martyr.
  • Good behavior towards people is equivalent to wisdom, to request politely is half of knowledge, and to ascribe to sound policies is half of one’s livelihood.
  • To educate a material person is like placing a sword in the hands of a robber.
  • Do not have Faith in a person’s compassion and politeness when he cannot keep his anger under control.
  • Do not have Faith in a religious person who is not tested during temptation.
  • He is a friend who brings to your attention your faults and to sing praises of a person in his presence is similar to slaughtering him.
  • Laughing decreases ones age, while politeness, glamor, pomp and show which ease living standards are indications of people who are unaware of death.
  • To show greed and avarice is impoverishing, to be unselfish is enriching and to wish compensation in patience.
  • Good deeds are the fulfillment of one’s rights and to do good deeds is a substitute for bad deeds.
  • To speak less is wisdom, to eat less is healthy, to sleep less is a prayer and there is peace in solitude.
  • Youth before old age and old age before death is a blessing of life.
  • A generous person is the beloved of Almighty ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala even though he is a transgressor. A miser is the enemy of Almighty ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala although he may pray and remember Almighty ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala excessively.
  • To forgive an oppressor is oppression upon the oppressed.
  • When you combine lawful with unlawful gains then the unlawful contaminates the lawful gains though it may be little.
  • A Mu'min does not keep as his friend one who is opposed to Almighty ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala and his Prophet Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam even though that person may be his mother or father.
  • The sound of music and that of a mourner are two of the worst sounds.
  • There is tranquility and peace in anonymity and confidentiality.
  • We should leave the other nine portions out for the fear of Haram (unlawful). (i.e. if in ten portions one is Haram a Muslim would leave the other nine portions out meaning anything unlawful would be completely left out).



  • Desire is never achieved without fear, nor manners and etiquette without formality, or happiness without peace or wealth without gifts or poverty without contentment, or dignity without politeness or Jihad (holy war) without diving guidance and assistance.
  • Respite before preoccupation and old age before death is a blessing of life.
  • Honour and dignity in this World is measured by wealth while honour and dignity in the Hereafter is measured by good deeds.
  • Save yourself from the Fires of Hell even if it means by doing a favour with half a date (fruit). If this too is not possible then with sweet words.
  • After Iman (Faith), there is no greater gift than a pious wife.
  • Not to postpone is strength in action.
  • Whosoever shows you your faults, he is your friend. Those that pay you lip service in praise are your executioners.
  • One who guards his secrets is surely safe.
  • The person who constantly discloses my faults to me is dearest to me.
  • Fear that person who you dislike.
  • When Sayyiduna 'Umar Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho camped on the outskirts of Jerusalem to conquer Bait al-Maqdas, the Christian Crusaders were terrified of his presence and requested a meeting with him before handing over the keys of the city. The Crusaders met him whilst he wore a patched garb. They asked him the reason as to why his name generated such immense awe and fear that captured the hearts of his enemies. He replied; “Your kings taught you to love the World (Duniyah) and its wealth and our Prophet Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam taught us to fear ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala and love death.
  • He is an intelligent person who can translate his actions into good.
  • Never put off for tomorrow what you can do today.
  • There is never a chance of pain in the neck if one does not raise his head too high in the air.
  • Do not forget about yourself whilst being concerned for others.
  • To stop sinning is easier than to bear the burden of seeking repentance.
  • Remove your gaze from the splendor of the World. Do not let the love of this World enter your heart. Beware! The love of this World does not perhaps destroy you, just as it had destroyed previous nations.
  • Victory is gained through strategy and trust in ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala, not by wishful thinking.
  • The most intelligent amongst you is he who fears ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the most.
  • Be sympathetic towards the poor so that they may be able to speak and build courage.
  • Extend a hand of friendship to a foreigner because if his stay is extended then he would leave his valuable possessions to return to his own country and leave that person responsible for his valuables who had been most worthy of his attention
  • Do not taunt and curse anyone for this gives rise to collective evils in a person.
  • One should not judge a person by the number of Salaat (prayer) or Roza (fasting) but by his wisdom and honesty.
  • To die for the right is better than to live for falsehood. Courage is recommend, cowardice is detestable, and falsehood is vulnerable to vanish!
  • Prayer is connected to the heart not by mere apparent actions.
  • To educate a seeker of materialism is to place a sword in the hands of a highway robber.
  • Do not trust the character of one who cannot control his temper.
  • To laugh excessively is a sign of no remorse for death.
  • To side with the oppressor is oppression on the oppressed.
  • Death is the best teacher.


  • The dearest of you as long as you have not met us are the best in names. But after we had seen you, the best of you to us are the best of you in character. When we scrutinize you, the dearest of you to us are the most truthful of you in speech.
  • People were (sometimes) judged by the revealing of a Divine Inspiration during the lifetime of Allah’s Apostle (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam) but now there are no longer any new revelations. Now we judge you by the deeds you practice publicly, so we will trust and favor the one who does good deeds in front of us, and we will not call him to account about what he is really doing in secret, for Allah will judge him for that; but we will not trust or believe the one who presents to us with an evil deed even if he claims that his intentions were good.
  • The best days we ever lived were by virtue of patience, and if patience were to take the shape of a man, he would be a noble and generous man.
  • Take yourself to account before you are taken to account, weigh your actions before they are weighed, and beautify yourself for the ultimate presentation. On that day not the slightest secret will be hidden.
  • It was Sayyiduna Umar’s daily routine to visit the homes of soldiers who were on the battlefield and ask their womenfolk if they had to make any purchases from the market, and he would do it for them. They would send their maids and Sayyiduna Umar would make the purchases and hand over to them. When a messenger came from the battlefield, bringing letters from soldiers, the Caliph would himself deliver them at their homes and tell them the messenger would return on such and such date, and they should keep their letters ready by that time, He would himself supply paper, pen, and ink, and when there was no literate person in a family, he would himself sit outside the door and write to their dictation.
  • There is no goodness in you if you do not say ‘Fear Allah’ and there is no goodness in us if we do not listen.
  • When Sayyiduna Umar appointed anyone as a governor, he wrote down for him a covenant to which a group of muhajirs (up to ten in number) bore witness. The conditions and terms were: He would not ride a workhorse, not eat luxurious food, not wear fine garment and not shut his door to the needy. If he did any of these things then he was liable to punishment.
  • Lower your gaze from the world and turn your heart away from it.
  • I will inform you about what is lawful for me from the wealth of Allah: An outfit for the winter, an outfit for the summer, mount that I can ride upon for Hajj and Umrah, and food for my family, such as given to a man from the Quraish who is neither the richest nor the poorest among them. I am simply a man among the Muslim; I go through what they go through.
  • Allah never obliterates evil with evil, but He erases evil with goodness.
  • O Allah, you indeed know that I eat only my food, that I wear only my own clothing, and that I take only what is rightfully mine.
  • The death of a thousand worshipers is easier to bear than the death of a scholar who has knowledge of what Allah has permitted and forbidden.
  • Lo! By Allah, if I remain alive to help the widows from the people of Iraq, I will leave so much for them that they will never need to ask for help from any ruler who comes after me.
  • Beware of bribery, and of ruling based on your desires.
  • Do not be fooled by one who recites the Qur’an. His recitation is but speech, but look to those who act according to it.
  • Once Sayyiduna Umar was in his garden, when coming back, he found that the people had performed the Asr Prayer. Thereby, he said, ‘We will surely return to Allah! I missed the Asr Prayer in congregation. May you witness that I gave my garden in charity to the needy so as to expiate what Umar had done.


  • The most beloved of people to me is he that points out my flaws to me.
  • Learn knowledge and teach it to the people. Learn how to have yourselves an aura of dignity and peace. Be humble to those that have taught you knowledge, and be humble to those that you have taught knowledge. And do not be haughty scholars; otherwise, your knowledge will not rise due to your ignorance.
  • O Allah, if You have written me down as being someone who is miserable, then erase that for me; and instead write me down as being happy. For indeed, You erase whatever You wish, and You write down and uphold .
  • The Islam of Sayyiduna Umar was a victory , his migration [to Madinah] was a triumph, and his caliphate was a mercy . I remember the time when we were not able to pray or perform tawaf around the Ka’bah. That was before Sayyiduna Umar embraced Islam. After he embraced Islam, we fought against them until they left us alone; and thus we began to be able to pray .
  • Know that every habit comes by getting used to it. Get used to being patient and doing good. Be patient against whatever befalls you. It will make you fear Allah.
  • Never think ill of the word that comes out of your believing brother’s mouth, as long as you can find a good excuse for it.
  • Dedicate yourself to remembering Allah, for remembering Allah is a cure. And beware of remembering people, for the act of remembering people is a disease.
  • By Allah! If I had gold equal to the earth, I would have ransomed myself with it from the punishment of Allah.
  • Each day is proclaimed, ‘So and so has died!’ And with no doubt it will be said one day, ‘Umar died.’
  • The one who laughs too much loses dignity; one who jokes too much loses respect; whoever does something a great deal, becomes known for it; one who speaks a great deal makes mistakes; one who makes many mistakes loses his sense of dignity. Whoever loses his sense of dignity loses his God-fearing and whoever loses his God-fearing is spiritually dead.
  • Beware of filling your stomachs with food and drink, for it is harmful to the body and causes sickness and laziness in performing prayers. Be moderate in both food and drink, for that is healthier for your bodies and furthest removed from extravagance. Allah will hate the fat man (one who revels in a life of luxury), and a man will not be condemned until he favours his desires over his religion.
  • During the year of the Ashes (drought and famine), Sayyiduna Umar ibn Al-Khattab’s stomach would make rumbling sound. He forbade himself from eating Ghee, and so he would eat olive oil. And he would poke his stomach with his fingers and say, ‘Rumble as much as you want, for indeed, I will feed you nothing other than this until the situation of the people improves.
  • Strive to listen to what comes out of the mouth of people who are obedient to Allah. Listen to what they have to say, for indeed, truth things are made manifest to them.
  • On one particular Friday, Sayyiduna Umar did not come out to Friday prayer on time; and since he was to deliver the Friday sermon the people had to wait until he came out to them. When Sayyiduna Umar finally did come out to them, he came out to them, he apologized, explaining that, ‘I was prevented from coming out because this garment I am wearing was being washed; and I own no other outfit.’
  • After Sayyiduna Umar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu became Khalifah of the Muslim Nation, he was once seen delivering a sermon while wearing a lower garden that was patched in 12 different places.
  • Help me against myself by enjoining good, forbidding evil, and sincerely advising me.
  • O Allah, I am indeed harsh, so make me gentle; I am weak, so make me strong; and I am miserly, so make me generous.

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Compiled by
Imam Ahmad Raza Academy

15 December 2012 Published in Blog


وہ عمر جس کے اعداء پہ شیدا سقر ؛ اس خدا دوست حضرت پہ لاکھوں سلام
فارق حق و باطل امام الہدیٰ ؛ تیغ مسلول شدت پہ لاکھوں سلام
ترجمان نبی ہمزبان نبی ؛ جان شان عدالت پہ لاکھوں سلام



نہیں خوش بخت محتا جان عالم میں کوئی ھم سا ۔۔۔ ملا تقدیر سے حاجت روا فاروق اعظم سا
مراد آئی مرادیں ملنے کی پیاری گھڑی آئی ۔۔۔ ملا حاجت روا ہم کو در سلطان عالم سا



فدا اے ام کلثوم آپ کی تقدیر یاور کے ۔۔۔ علی بابا ہوا دولہا ہوا فاروق اکرم سا
شیاطیں مضمحل ہیں تیرے نام پاک کے ڈر سے ۔۔۔ نکل جائے نہ کیوں رفاض بد اطوار کا دم سا



ترے جود و کرم کا کوئی اندازہ کرے کیونکر ۔۔۔ ترا اک اک گدا فیض و سخاوت میں ہے حاتم سا
خدارا مہر کر اے ذرا پرور مہر نورانی ۔۔۔ سیہ بختی سے ہے روز میرا شب غم سا







منائیں عید جو ذی الحجہ میں تیری شہادت کی ۔۔۔ الٰہی روز و ماہ و سن انہیں گزرے محرم سا
حسن در عالم پستی سر سفعت اگر داری ۔۔۔ بیا فرق ارادت بردر فاروق اعظم سا

— — —
کتاب: فضائل صحابہ کرام و اہلبیت اطہار رضوان اللہ تعالی علیہم اجمعین
تصنیف: حضرت علامہ سید شاہ تراب الحق قادری مد ظلہ عالی

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